Porous Metals and Metallic Foams

Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Porous Metals and Metallic Foams, September 5-7, 2007

Edited by: Louis-Phillippe Lefebvre, John Banhart and David C. Dunand, National Research Council of Canada

ISBN: 978-1-932078-28-2, ©2008, 541 pages, 8.5 x 11, hardcover

  • Over 100 original, never published, refereed chapters on metallic foams and porous metals
  • New work on nickel and steel foams, titanium, and nanoporous gold
  • Covers materials engineering, design, properties and characterization
  • Dozens of new applications for automotive, biomaterials, orthopedics, thermal technology, filtration, and electrochemistry

Much of the world’s recent research and development on metallic foams and porous metals is contained in this fully refereed book. The book’s chapters were developed from the International Conference held in 2007 in Montreal, Canada.

This comprehensive volume explains new ways to design and process metallic foams, including many non-aluminum foams, and illustrates the numerous industry applications where metallic foams and porous metals are being implemented. Metallic foams are relatively new materials that offer opportunities in a wide range of applications. Specific applications include: lightweight auto parts, orthopedic and dental implants, sound absorbers, filters, heat exchangers, electrodes, catalyst supports-—and many more.



  • Aluminum Foam Sandwich Panels: Metallurgy, Manufacture and Applications
  • Alulight Metal Foam Products
  • Investigations on 4 New Methods for Aluminum Foam Production
  • High Pressure Integral Foam Moulding of Aluminium
  • Development of Alcoa Aluminum Foam Products
  • Evaluation of the Wetting Behavior of Al-7Cu and Al-11.5Si on SiC and Sapphire in Terms of Al-Foam Stability
  • New Foam Stabilizing Additive for Aluminium
  • Adhesion in Sandwiches with Aluminum Foam Core
  • Influence of Core and Face Sheet Materials on Quasi-Static and Fatigue Properties and Failure in Aluminium Foam Sandwich
  • Tensile Deformation and Cracking Sequence of Foamed AlSi10 with Skin
  • Structural Damping of Integral Foam Components
  • An Optimization of Wire-woven Bulk Kagome (WBK) Truss Cored Sandwich Panels
  • Kinetic Analysis of Foaming Agent Variants as a Means Towards Optimised Temperature Cycles and Foaming Agent/Matrix Alloy Combinations
  • Production of Aluminum Foams with Ni-coated TiH2 Powder
  • Effect of Relative Humidity on Pressure-Induced Foaming (PIF) of Aluminium-Based Precursors
  • Foaming Behavior of Aluminum Precursor Produced from Machined Chip Waste
  • Analysis of Tin Additions to Aluminum Based Foams Formed Via Powder Metallurgy
  • Aluminium Based Metallic Films
  • The Time-Uncoupled Aluminium Free-Expansion: Intrinsic Anisotropy by Foaming Under Conventional Conditions
  • Aluminium Foaming Monitored by Far-Infrared Thermography: Temperature Gradients and Bubble Rupture
  • Metal Foam Production from AlMg4.5Mn Recycling Machining Chips by Means of Thixocasting and the Effects of Different Additives for Stabilization
  • Microstructural Investigation of Interface Phenomena During PM Billets Foaming in Hollow Metal Profiles
  • Aluminum Alloy Periodic Cellular Metal Fabrication using a Perforation-Stretching Technique
  • Shape Change and Pore Distribution in Aluminum Powder Compacts by Graded Foaming
  • Joining with Aluminum Foam
  • Ceramic Particulate Reinforced Aluminum Metal Matrix Composite Foams Produced from Extruded Powder Compacts
  • Self-sustainable Blowing Process of Al-Ni Intermetallic Foam by Combustion Reaction
  • Methodology for the In-situ Observation of Alporas Foams Using X-ray Radioscopy
  • CaCO3 Blown Aluminium Foam and Equipment for Future Low Gravity Tests


  • Commercial Production and Applications of Nickel-based Specialty Foams
  • A New Class of High Temperature and Corrosion Resistant Nickel-Based Open-Cell Foams
  • Inconel 625 Foams Produced by the SlipReactionFoam-Sintering (SRFS)-Sintering (SRFS)-Process for High Temperature Applications
  • Fabrication of High-Strength Porous Metal by Cold-Bonding
  • Liquid Infiltration Property of Micro-Porous Stainless Steel Produced by Powder Space Holder Method
  • Oxidation and Compressive Properties of Ni-Cr, Ni-Al, and Ni-Cr-Al Foams
  • New Manufacturing Method of Iron Foam using Precursor Made of Iron, Graphite and Hematite Powders
  • Structure and Properties of Open-Cell 316L Stainless Steel Foams Produced by a Powder Metallurgy-Based Process
  • Surface Pore Formation of Low-Carbon Steel for Cold Forging
  • Determination of the Stress Acting on the Individual Cells of Open-cell Stainless Steel Foams
  • Characterization and Optimization of Steel Foam Produced by Slip Casting Process
  • High-Strength Steel Hollow Spheres
  • Mechanics of Semi-Expanded Hollow Sphere Foams
  • Debinding Control of Metal Hollow Spheres by IR-Absorption Analysis
  • Compressive Characteristics of WBK Truss Cores
  • Sound Absorption Characters of Metal Fibrous Porous Material
  • Fabrication of Open-Cell Silver Foams Using a Replication Process
  • Fabrication of a Bubbler Nozzle for Micro-Bubble Injection in Liquid Mercury
  • Fabrication and Applications of Lotus-type Porous Metals through Hydride Decomposition
  • Fabrication of Lotus-type Porous Nickel through Thermal Decomposition Method of Compounds by Mold Casting Technique
  • Fabrication of Lotus-type Porous Carbon-steel by Continuous Casting Technique in Nitrogen Atmosphere
  • Equal-channel Angular Extrusion of Lotus-type Porous Copper
  • Directional Solidification of Metal-Gas Eutectics for Fabrication of Aligned Porous Metals
  • Fabrication and Plastic Deformation Behavior of Lamellar Ti-rich TiAl Crystals with Lotus-Type Aligned Pores
  • Impact Properties of Lotus-type Porous Carbon Steel Measured by Instrumented Charpy Testing
  • Fabrication of Lotus-type Porous Alumina with High Compressive Strength Using Unidirectional Solidification
  • Effect of Molten Temperature on the Formation of Lotus-type Porous Silicon during Unidirectional Solidification
  • Fabrication of Lotus-type Porous Al-Si Alloys using Continuous Casting Technique
  • Fabrication of Lotus-type Porous Magnesium by Continuous Casting Process
  • Effects of Pore Size Distribution and Loading Direction on Fatigue Property of Lotus-type Porous Copper
  • Fabrication of Lotus-type Porous Magnesium using Hydrogen Decomposed from MgH2
  • High Strength-per-Weight Cellular Metals Fabricated of Wires



  • A New Era in Porous Metals: Applications in Orthopedics
  • Effect of Oxygen Content and Distribution on the Compression Properties of Titanium Foams
  • Porous Titanium for Dental Implant Applications
  • Titanium Foams with Aligned, Elongated Pores Produced by Freeze Casting
  • Porous Titanium for Orthopedic Application
  • Finite Element Modelling of Porous Titanium Implants
  • Selective Electron Beam Melting-—A Novel Generative Manufacturing Technique for Cellular Titanium
  • Laser Induced Foaming of Pure Titanium with Biocompatible Foaming Agents
  • Improvement in Mechanical Properties of Porous Titanium by Biomedical Polymer Filling
  • Effect of Processing Parameters on Compressive Behavior of Ti Foams
  • Surface Modification Treatments to Reduce Ni Leaching from Porous Nitinol
  • Production of Highly Porous Near-Net-Shape NiTi Components for Biomedical Applications
  • Influence of Partial Diffusion on the Properties of Porous Titanium Alloy
  • Particle Rearrangement during Fabrication of Ti-Based Metal Matrix Composite Foams
  • Preparation of Bioactive Porous Ti-Sn-Nb Alloy for Biomedical Applications


  • Morphological Control of Nanoporous Gold through Self-Organizing Routes and its Mechanical Properties
  • Morphology Control of Nanoporous Au by Post-Compression
  • Nanoporous Metal Membranes by Self-Organization and Selective Dissolution of Two Phase Microstructures
  • Fabrication of Nanoporous Structure Silver Film by Dealloying of Ag-Al Alloy and Control of Pore Size
  • Formation of a Nano-pore during Oxidation of Metal Nanoparticles


  • Age-Hardening Response of Replicated Microcellular Al-4.5%Cu
  • Multiaxial Yield Behaviour of Al Replicated Foam
  • Metallic Hollow Spheres Foam: Structure and Mechanics
  • Deformation Mechanisms in Constrained Monotonic and Cyclic Compressive Loading of Al Foam
  • Strain Localization During Low Cycle Fatigue of Aluminum Foam
  • Inhomogeneous Deformation and Fracture of Aluminum Foam under Uniaxial Tension
  • Mechanical and Functional Properties of Porous Metals Fabricated by Spacer Method
  • Multi-scale Modelling of Fracture in Open-cell Metal Foams
  • Energy Absorption of Superplastic Zn-Al Alloy Foams
  • Effects of Cell Irregularity on the Impact Behavior of Open-cell Foams
  • Characterisation of Mechanical and Damping Properties of Porous AZ91 Mg Alloy
  • Mechanical Behavior of Lightweight Multifunctional Hybrid Systems under Low and High Rates of Strain: Experiments and Modeling
  • Mechanics of Aluminum Foam-Polymer Hybrids
  • Elastic and Plastic Behavior of Composite Metal Foams under Compressive Loading
  • Compressive Behavior of Porous Metal/Polymer Composite: Experiment and Numerical Modeling
  • Constitutive Equation for the Compression of Metallic Hollow Spheres Foam
  • Advanced Structure and Deformation Pattern of Al Based Alloys Foamed with Calcium Carbonate Agent
  • Some Considerations on Incremental Forming of Aluminum Foam Sandwiches
  • Development of a Standard for Compression Testing of Cellular Metals
  • Homogeneity Effects on the Energy Absorption Performance of Aluminum Foams
  • Effects of Pore Morphology on the Compressive Behaviour of Porous Metals
  • Effect of Imperfection on the Mechanical Behavior of Wire-woven Bulk Kagome truss PCMs under Shear Loading


  • Geometrical Measurement of Real Foams from 3D Images
  • Average Geometrical Parameters for the Internal Structure of Aluminum Foam
  • Periodic Unit Cell Reconstruction of Porous Media: Acoustic Properties of an Open Cell Aluminum Foam
  • Topological Analysis of Foams and Tetrahedral Structures
  • Nondestructive Structure Characterization by Laser-Ultrasonics
  • 3-D Microstructural Characterization of Cell Wall in a High Strength Aluminum Foam
  • Metallic Foam Cell Size Assessment by Automated Image Analysis
  • Experimental Investigation into Laser Welding of Aluminum Foam Filled Steel Tubes


  • Effect of Porosity on Permeability and Form Drag of Porous Metals
  • Gas Permeation through Perforated Metallic Foams
  • Experimental Study of Two-Phase Flows through Open-Celled Metallic Foams
  • Investigation of Representative Volume Element Size for the Mechanical Properties of Open-Cell Nickel Foams
  • Pressure Drop Measurement and Modeling of Silicon Carbide (SiC) Foam for Use as Catalyst Support
  • Fabrication of Nanostructures on FeCrAl Metallic Fiber Felts and the Filtration Efficiency
  • Determination of Bulk and Entrance Contributions to the Pressure Drop in Metallic
  • Foams


  • Characterization of Heat and Momentum Transfer in Sintered Metal Foams
  • Application of Aluminium Sponges in the Adsorption Refrigeration Engineering
  • The Hydraulic and Heat Transfer Characteristics for the Wire-woven Bulk Kagome (WBK) Composed of Aluminum Helix Wires
  • Characterization of High Surface Area Open-Cell Metal Foams and Application to Thermal Management and Electrochemistry
  • Critical Cooling Velocities Maps for Thermal Hardening Treatments in Aluminium Foams: Density Characterization, Finite Elements Analysis, Experimental Validation and Final Results
  • Sintered Metal Fiber Structures from Aluminum Based Fibers-—Manufacturing and Properties
  • Characterization of the Full Thermal Conductivity Tensor of Anisotropic Metal Foams–Influence of the Fluid Phase
  • Design of Anisotropic Metal Foams for Thermal Insulator
  • Steady State Comparative-longitudinal Heat Flow (SCHF) Method Using Specimen of Different Thickness for Measuring Thermal Conductivity of Anisotropic and Thin Porous Metals

Subject Index
Author Index

ISBN: 978-1-932078-28-2, ©2008, 541 pages, 8.5 x 11, hardcover

USD Price: $125.00

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