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Metal Foams

Fundamentals and Applications

Edited by: Nihad Dukhan, Ph.D., University of Detroit Mercy

ISBN: 978-1-60595-014-3, ©2013, 458 pages, 6×9, Hardcover

 

  • Covers all phases of metal foam theory and technology
  • Techniques linking pore structure to custom properties
  • New applications in transportation, energy absorption, and orthopedic implants
  • Foams from a variety of metals as well as special shapes and lotus-type

This book offers the first full-scale technical treatment of an important class of engineered porous materials: metal foams. Written by a team of metal foam experts from around the world, the volume offers new, as well as fundamental, information on all aspects of metal foams, including their theory, manufacture, structure-property relationships and applications. The book explains microscopy and modeling tools that enhance the prediction and determination of metal foam properties related to fluid flow, heat transfer, sound absorption and failure analysis. Attention is given to the many techniques for manufacturing and testing metal foams and to how their microstructure can be controlled to create custom properties for applications in acoustics, bone implants, heat sinks, lightweighting and crash protection. The text is sufficiently detailed to offer guidance to design and development engineers, and yet is basic enough to be used as a textbook or reference by students of materials science, mechanical, structural or chemical engineering requiring an introduction to the subject.

Preface
Introduction

1. Manufacturing Processes for Metal Foams
JOACHIM BAUMEISTER and JORG WEISE
1.1. Introduction
1.2. Production Methods
1.3. Concluding Remarks
1.4. References

2. Principles of Fluid Flow through Open-Cell Metal Foam
NIHAD DUKHAN
2.1. Retorting and Food Sterility
2.2. Governing Transport Equations
2.3. Pressure Drop Relations for Porous Media
2.4. Correcting for Gas Compressibility
2.5. Determining the Permeability and the Form Drag Coefficient
2.6. Transition to Turbulence
2.7. The Issue of Velocity Range and Flow Regime
2.8. Separating Flow Regimes a priori: A Preferred Method for Finding the Permeability and the Form Drag Coefficient
2.9. Effect of Porosity and Correlating Permeability and Form Drag to Structure
2.10. Friction Factor-Reynolds Number Correlations
2.11. Tortuosity and Related Correlations
2.12. Minimum Thickness Requirement
2.13. Entrance and Exit Regions
2.14. Confining Wall and Transverse Size Effects
2.15. References

3. Numerical Simulation of the Flow through Metallic Foams: Multi-scale Modeling and Experimental Validation
J.-F. HETU, F. ILINCA, J.-P. MARCOTTE, E. BARIL, L.P. LEFEBVRE and M.D.M. INNOCENTINI
3.1. Introduction
3.2. Literature Review
3.3. Flow Modeling
3.4. Validation: Flow Around an Array of Spheres
3.5. Application: Flow Through a Metallic Foam Matrix
3.6. Conclusion
3.7. References

4. Tomography Based Material Model and Simulation of Deformation
H.P. DEGISCHER, B. FOROUGHI and A. KOTTAR
4.1. Introduction
4.2. Methodology
4.3. Deformation Simulations
4.4. Applications
4.5. Conclusions
4.6. Acknowledgements
4.7. References

5. Yield/Failure Criteria, Constitutive Models, and Crashworthiness Applications of Metal Foams
SHARIF SHAHBEYK
5.1. Introduction
5.2. Conventional Plasticity Models
5.3. Some Alternative Approaches
5.4. Application to Structural Crashworthiness
5.5. Summary
5.6. Reference

6. Heat Transfer in Metal Foams
AKIRA NAKAYAMA
6.1. Introduction
6.2. Volume Averaging and Macroscopic Energy Equations
6.3. Stagnant Thermal Conductivity
6.4. Stagnant Thermal Conductivity of Metal Foams
6.5. Interstitial Heat Transfer Coefficients
6.6. Thermal Dispersion
6.7. Solutions to the Two Energy Equation Model
6.8. Nomenclature
6.9. References

7. Acoustic Properties and Applications
CAMILLE PERROT, FABIEN CHEVILLOTTE, LUC JAOUEN and MINH TAN HOANG
7.1. Introduction
7.2. Principles of Acoustical Energy Dissipation Through Metallic Foams
7.3. Micro-Macro Simulation Method
7.4. Results and Discussion
7.5. Further Remarks on the Evaluation of Acoustic Properties of Metal Foams
7.6. References

8. Porous Metals and Metallic Foams in Orthopedic Applications
L.P. LEFEBVRE
8.1. Introduction
8.2. Materials and Processes
8.3. Composition
8.4. Structure
8.5. Mechanical Properties
8.6. Corrosion
8.7. Animal Studies
8.8. Clinical Trials and Follow Up
8.9. Clinical Use
8.10. References

9. Aluminum Foam Applications
PETER SCHAFFLER
9.1. Introduction
9.2. Serial Applicatons
9.3. Automated Manufacturing of Aluminum Foam
9.4. Further Possible Applications
9.5. Barriers to Entry for Aluminum Foam
9.6. References

10. Fabrication, Properties and Applications of Lotus-type Porous Metals
HIDEO NAKAJIMA
10.1. Introduction
10.2. Fabrication
10.3. Properties
10.4. Various Applications of Lotus Metals
10.5. Conclusion and Perspective
10.6. Acknowledgements
10.7. References

Index

Metal Foams (Entire eBook)
$145.00 Save: $44.50
Chapter 1: Manufacturing Processes for Metal Foams
$25.00
Chapter 2: Principles of Fluid Flow through Open-Cell Metal Foam
$25.00
Chapter 3: Numerical Simulation of the Flow through Metallic Foams: Multi-scale Modeling and Experimental Validation
$25.00
Chapter 4: Tomography Based Material Model and Simulation of Deformation
$25.00
Chapter 5: Yield/Failure Criteria, Constitutive Models, and Crashworthiness Applications of Metal Foams
$25.00
Chapter 6: Heat Transfer in Metal Foams
$25.00
Chapter 7: Acoustic Properties and Applications
$25.00
Chapter 8: Porous Metals and Metallic Foams in Orthopedic Applications
$25.00
Chapter 9: Aluminum Foam Applications
$25.00
Chapter 10: Fabrication, Properties and Applications of Lotus-type Porous Metals
$25.00

ISBN: 978-1-60595-014-3, ©2013, 458 pages, 6×9, Hardcover

 

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