Nanocoatings: Principles and Practice

From Research to Production

Steven Abbott, Ph.D., TCNF Limited, U.K.
Nigel Holmes, Ph.D., MacDermid Autotype Ltd., U.K.

978-1-60595-090-7, ©2013, 343 pages, 6×9, Hardcover or ebook

Download the Calculations Models (.xlsx file)
Watch Steven Abbott Demonstrate the Calculations Models

  • Covers the critical links from nanocoatings research to commercial fabrication
  • What works with nanocoatings and what doesn’t—understanding why
  • Technical information for researchers, designers, fabricators, and nanoparticle suppliers
  • Formulas for synthesizing, analysing nanocoatings can be activated with original data input/output using downloadable spreadsheets

This technical book explains the science, chemistry and fabrication of nanocoatings—and the critical connections among them. It offers the theory to develop new coatings and the quantitative tools to understand which formulations are promising and which are not. It is thus aimed towards the entire coatings development team: from theorist to lab researcher to formulator. As a scientific guide for designing coatings to which nanoparticles are added, the text shows how to create, test and certify a nanocoating with the correct functional properties. Information in this volume will enable specialists to identify nanocoatings formulations with commercial potential. Nanoparticles discussed include: metal oxides, quantum dots, CNTs, graphene, nanoclays, photoconductors and more.

The book offers numerous formulas for calculations in synthesizing, testing and applying nanocoatings, and all such formulas can be readily activated with inputs/outputs in everyday units using a series of EXCEL spreadsheets provided by the authors. Formulas include: interparticle distance, Rayleigh and Mie scattering, percolation, clay barriers, microemulsions, HSP solvent blends, modules from bending, DLVO theory, pinholes and fibers, grinding energy, nanoindentation, Stefan equation for embossing—and more.

 

Preface

1. Nano or Not?
1.1. Questions and Chapters
1.2. Why Go Nano?
1.3. How to Find the Right Nanoadditive?
1.4. How to Create Stable Nanoformulations?
1.5. How to Find Suitable Solvents or Solvent Blends?
1.6. How to Solve the Problems of Coating and Drying?
1.7. How to Go Nano in the Third Dimension?
1.8. Have the Nanoadditives Done Their Job?
1.9. Are the Nanoadditives Safe?
1.10. A Great Future for Nanocoatings!

2. Why Do We Need Nano?
2.1. Size-Related Calculations
2.2. Invisibility
2.3. Lots of Surface Area
2.4. Staying Suspended
2.5. The Right Shape and Size
2.6. Conclusion
2.7. References

3. Finding the Right Nanoadditive
3.1. Introduction
3.2. Manufacturing Methods
3.3. Bottom-Up Methods—Vapor Phase
3.4. Bottom-Up Methods—Liquid Phase
3.5. Top Down Methods
3.6. Conclusion
3.7. References

4. Creating Stable Nanoformulations
4.1. DLVO (Derjaguin, Landau, Verwey and Overbeek)
4.2. Hansen Solubility Parameters (HSP)
4.3. An Important Digression about Adhesion
4.4. Controlled Non-Compatibility
4.5. Conclusion
4.6. References

5. Finding the Perfect Solvent
5.1. The Minimum Necessary Solubility Theory
5.2. Polymer Solubility
5.3. Dissolving Nanoparticles
5.4. Nanoparticle Solubility
5.5. Aqueous Solubility
5.6. Measuring the HSP of a Nanoparticle
5.7. Finding the Perfect Solvent
5.8. Rational Solvent Blends
5.9. Trade-Offs
5.10. Not Solvents
5.11. Conclusion
5.12. References

6. Coating, Printing, Drying
6.1. A Fundamental Choice
6.2. Proving a Negative
6.3. Going Thin
6.4. Printing
6.5. Drying
6.6. Defects
6.7. Case Study: Printable Gas Barriers
6.8. Conclusion
6.9. References

7. 3D Nanocoatings
7.1. Structuring a Surface
7.2. Structures Worth Embossing
7.3. Making the Master Rollers
7.4. Conclusion
7.5. References

8. Have the Nanoadditives Done Their Job?
8.1. Optics
8.2. Refractive Index
8.3. The Right Thickness
8.4. Antimicrobial Behaviour
8.5. Through-Coat Distribution
8.6. Surface Energy
8.7. Stain and Solvent Resistance
8.8. Conductivity
8.9. Scratch Resistance
8.10. Adhesion
8.11. UV Resistance
8.12. Wood
8.13. Lifetime Testing
8.14. Conclusion
8.15. References

9. Dealing with Nanosafety
9.1. Is Nanotechnology Safe or Unsafe?
9.2. Ubiquity
9.3. Nano is Here: Products and Degradation
9.4. Working with Nanoparticles: What Should I Do?
9.5. Product Wear and Tear: Associated Nanoparticle Release
9.6. Protecting Yourself
9.7. What Does the Public Think?
9.8. The Team as Stakeholders
9.9. Nanoparticles: A Question of Definition
9.10. Is It Nano or Not?
9.11. Conclusion
9.12. References

Index
About the Authors

 

Nanocoatings: Principles and Practice (Entire eBook)
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Chapter 1: Nano or Not?
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Chapter 2: Why Do We Need Nano?
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Chapter 3: Finding the Right Nanoadditive
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Chapter 4: Creating Stable Nanoformulations
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Chapter 5: Finding the Perfect Solvent
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Chapter 6: Coating, Printing, Drying
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Chapter 7: 3D Nanocoatings
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Chapter 8: Have the Nanoadditives Done Their Job?
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Chapter 9: Dealing with Nanosafety
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978-1-60595-090-7, ©2013, 343 pages, 6×9, Hardcover or ebook

Download the Calculations Models (.xlsx file)
Watch Steven Abbott Demonstrate the Calculations Models

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