Pulp & Paper Mill Effluent Environmental Fate & Effects

Edited by: Dennis L. Borton, Timothy Hall, Robert Fisher and Jill Thomas, National Council for Air and Stream Improvement

ISBN: 978-1-932078-37-4, ©2004, Book with CD-ROM, 608 pages, 7×10, Hardcover

  • Compiles the most current research from around the world from the most prominent international scientists and researchers
  • Features the latest developments in pulp and paper wastewater treatment
  • Includes practical applications and research in air emissions, solid waste production, control of effluent toxicity and more!
  • Published bound book with fully-searchable CD-ROM

In recent years, concerns about the fate and effects of pulp and paper mill effluents on the environment have emerged, and countries throughout the world are focusing attention on the implementation of regulatory and monitoring programs. In response, the industry has begun to implement a variety of process and treatment technologies designed to minimize or eliminate the potential impacts.
The book and CD-ROM explores the most active and critical current research and experimentation from around the world. Completely edited, the papers present the latest developments in research and practical applications relating to pulp and paper wastewater treatment as well as associated issues such as air emissions and solid waste production. Primary themes are recent advances in treatment processes to minimize the discharge of nutrients, for recirculation of process waters, for control of effluent toxicity and for other advanced effluent criteria.

Fate and Effects is based on the 5th international conference held last year in Seattle titled “From Saltsjobaden to Seattle – 12 years of science, process, and policy change: What have we learned from effluent effects assessments and their validation at the population, community, and ecosystem level? ” As such, the book and CD-ROM examines the identity and origin of chemicals in pulp mill effluents, environmental fate of chemicals from pulp and paper mills, bioaccumulation of substances from pulp mills to fish and wildlife, field and laboratory studies of biochemical and whole organism responses associated with pulp and paper effluents, integrated monitoring and future research, and policy directions of this rapidly evolving field. In addition, it addresses the marked difference in conclusions drawn in the Scandinavian countries, where effects were widely reported, and from North America, where effects had gone largely unreported.

Written by prominent scientists from around the world with contributions from industry, government, and academia, this important new book and CD-ROM provides a balanced global perspective of the recent scientific findings and the challenges being faced in the immediate future.

The book is 608 pages and includes a fully searchable CD – bound in the book. The CD-ROM contains the complete text and illustrations, with advanced search tools for convenient research.

 

Preface
Acknowledgments
Plenary

SECTION 1: FISH HEALTH ASSESSMENT

Overview of Fish Health Studies – Progress Since 2000
MICHAEL R. VAN DEN HEUVEL
Paper Mill Process Modifications Reduce Biological Effects on Largemouth Bass
and Eastern Gambusia
JESSICA J. NOGGLE, J. TRAVIS SMITH, D. SHANE RUESSLER, BRIAN P. QUINN,
STEWART E. HOLM, MARISOL S. SEPULVEDA and TIMOTHY S. GROSS
Sources of Variability of Mosquitofish (Gambusia holbrooki) Anal Fin Morphology Characteristics: Measurements Methods, Geographic Variability, and Exposure to Pulp Mill Effluents
W. KEN BRADLEY, DENNIS L. BORTON, JESSICA J. NOGGLE and TIMOTHY S. GROSS
Water Quality Biomonitoring on the Doce River in Brazil, Near a Pulp Mill Effluent Discharge
ALEXANDRE B. LANDIM, CARLOS P. RENAULT, GERMANA DE P. C. RENAULT,
GIOVANNA F. AMORIM, VIVIANE R. FARIA and DEBORA O. LOPES
Epidemiological Studies Indicate a Cause-Effect Relationship Between Pulp Mill Effluent Exposure and Male-Biased Sex Ratios in Fish
LARS FORLIN, MARGARETHA ADOLFSSON-ERICI and D. G. JOAKIM LARSSON
Review of Reproductive-Endocrine Effects of a New Zealand Pulp and Paper Mill Effluent
MICHAEL R. VAN DEN HEUVEL, EMIL BANDELJ, ROBERT DONALD, ROSANNE J. ELLIS,
MURRAY A. SMITH, MEGAN FINLEY, LYNDA MCCARTHY and TREVOR R. STUTHRIDGE
Lack of Estrogenic and Endocrine Disrupting Effects in Juvenile Rainbow Trout Exposed to a New Zealand Pulp and Paper Mill Effluent
ROSANNE J. ELLIS, MICHAEL R. VAN DEN HEUVEL, TREVOR R. STUTHRIDGE, NICHOLAS LING and DANIEL R. DIETRICH
Survey of Pulp and Paper Mill Effluents for Their Potential to Affect Fish Reproduction
PIERRE MARTEL, TIBOR KOVACS and RON VOSS
Changes in Growth, Sex Characteristics and Reproduction of Fathead Minnows Exposed for a Life-Cycle to Bleached Sulphite Mill Effluent
JOANNE L. PARROTT and CRAIG S. WOOD
Effect of Exposure Timing on Fathead Minnow (Pimephales promelas) Reproduction During a Life-Cycle Bioassay with Biologically Treated Bleached Kraft Pulp Mill Effluent
DENNIS L. BORTON, WILLIAM R. STREBLOW, DIANA L. COOK and PETER VAN VELD

Adult White Sucker Show Limited Mobility Near Point Source Discharges in a Large Canadian River
CHAD A. DOHERTY, R. ALLEN CURRY and KELLY R. MUNKITTRICK

SECTION 2: EFFLUENT EFFECTS FROM A WATERSHED
MULTISTRESSOR PERSPECTIVE
Evaluations of the Fate and Effects of Pulp and Paper Mill Effluents from a Watershed Multistressor Perspective: Progress to Date and Future Opportunities
JOHN H. RODGERS, JR. and JILL F. THOMAS
National Response Patterns of Fish and Invertebrates Exposed to Pulp and Paper Mill Effluents: Metabolic Disruption in Combination with Eutrophication and Other Effects
RICHARD B. LOWELL, KELLY R. MUNKITTRICK, JOSEPH M. CULP, MARK E. McMASTER
and LEE C. GRAPENTINE
Employing Small Bodied Fish in a Weight-of-Evidence Approach to Discriminate Effects from Multiple Discharges
CHRIS G. FRAIKIN, BARRY K. FIRTH, ZSOLT E. KOVATS, CHRIS P. BJORNSON, TANIS L. DIRKS, RICHARD D. ROBINSON, GUY M. WILSON, PAT I. TONES and STELLA M. SWANSON
Identifying a Suitable Fish Species for Monitoring Multiple Effluents in the
Upper Saint John River, Canada
BRENDAN J. GALLOWAY, KELLY R. MUNKITTRICK, R. ALLEN CURRY,
CRAIG WOOD and SUSAN DUNN
Status of a Long-Term Industry Funded In-Stream Monitoring Study to Assess Potential Effluent Effects in Four U.S. Receiving Waters
TIMOTHY J. HALL, JILL F. THOMAS, ROBERT P. FISHER and DENNIS L. BORTON
Pattern Analysis of Fish Communities Upstream/Downstream of Pulp and Paper Mill Discharges on Four U.S. Receiving Waters
JILL F. THOMAS and TIMOTHY J. HALL
Characterization of a Bleached Kraft Mill Effluent Discharging to Codorus Creek, Pennsylvania, as Part of a Long-Term Monitoring Study – Chemical, Biological, and Mesocosm Measurements
TIMOTHY J. HALL, WILLIAM J. ARTHURS, DENNIS L. BORTON, CATHY ERICKSON, JOAN IKOMA and WILLIAM R. STREBLOW
Spatial-Temporal Relationships Between River Biota, Chemistry and Mill Effluent on Codorus Creek, Pennsylvania
JILL F. THOMAS and TIMOTHY J. HALL
Ecological Risk Assessment as the Framework for the Prediction, Confirmation and Management of the Codorus Creek Watershed
WAYNE G. LANDIS, LEO R. BODENSTEINER, ANGIE M. OBERY and JILL F. THOMAS
Evaluation of Land Applied Pulp Mill Biosolids: Monitoring the Fate of Sludge Constitutents in Forest Ecosystems and Assessing Impact Using Ecologically Relevant Organisms
LYNDA H. MCCARTHY, I. VADIM BOSTAN, STEVEN N. LISS, ASHLEY SPEARIN, EMIL BANDELJ and KATHRINA YAMBAO

Integrated Monitoring at a Brazilian Pulp Mill to Assess Effluent Effects on Receiving Waters
TATIANA H. FURLEY and ALBERTO CARVALHO DE OLIVEIRA FILHO

SECTION 3: EFFLUENT QUALITY

Relationship of the Technical Development of Pulping and Bleaching to Effluent Quality and Aquatic Toxicity
KARL-JOHAN LEHTINEN
Regulatory Toxicity Compliance in Relation to Water Usage: 2000 Survey of Canadian Mills
TIBOR KOVACS, SHARON GIBBONS, VALERIE NAISH and RON VOSS
Toxicity Investigations Associated with Daphnia magna and Pimephales promelas Exposed to Spent Pulping Liquor from an Elemental Chlorine Free Kraft Mill
CRAIG R. KELLY, THOMAS L. HARGREAVES, ROBERT GOLDEN, STEWART E. HOLM,
THOMAS L. DEARDORFF and JOHN L. FESTA
The Relationship Between Mill Processes and Biological Responses
CARROLL L. MISSIMER
Lignin as the Cause of Acute Toxicity in Pulp and Paper Mill Effluents?
PIIA PESSALA, EIJA SCHULTZ, SAMI LUUKKAINEN, SIRPA HERVE, JUHA KNUUTINEN
and JAAKKO PAASIVIRTA
A Review of Pulp and Paper Industry Toxicity Reduction and Toxicity Identification Evaluation Approaches in the U.S. and Canada
DIANA L. COOK, TIMOTHY J. HALL, JUDY DUDLEY and DENNIS L. BORTON
Comparison of Anal Fin Morphology and Testosterone Levels in Female Gambusia Among Three Florida Pulp and Paper Mills
JESSICA J. NOGGLE, W. KENNETH BRADLEY, DENNIS L. BORTON, J. TRAVIS SMITH
and TIMOTHY S. GROSS
Analysis of Selected Resin Acids and Phytosterols in Relation to Process Changes at Georgia-Pacific’s Palatka Mill
BRIAN P. QUINN, MATTHEW M. BOOTH, JOSEPH J. DELFINO, STEWART E. HOLM
and TIMOTHY S. GROSS
Comparison of Some Studies Assessing the Androgenic Potential of Compounds in Pulp Mill and Municipal Effluents Using the Mosquitofish Gambusia affinis
LYNDA H. McCARTHY, I. VADIM BOSTAN, WILSON CHOI, ROSANNE J. ELLIS, KAREN HARDY and STEVEN N. LISS
Method Development for the Identification of Hormonally Active Components in Bleached Kraft Chemical Recovery Condensates
ANDREW BELKNAP, KEVIN SHAUGHNESSY, DEBORAH MACLATCHY, KEITH SOLOMON
and MARK HEWITT

Phenolics Associated with Adverse Bioassay Responses at a Tall Oil Refinery
DIANA L. COOK, JAMAL Y. SHAMAS, MEL R. HOCKENBURY, JOHN C. BAUMMER,
WAYNE L. McCULLOCH and JOHN A. BOTTS

SECTION 4: ADVANCES IN ASSESSING EFFLUENT EFFECTS

Advances in Assessing the Effects of Pulp and Paper Mill Effluents on Aquatic Systems
MONIQUE G. DUBE
Development of a Fish Bioassay to Test for Hormonally Active Contaminants in
Pulp Mill Effluents
DEBORAH L. MACLATCHY, MONIQUE G. DUBE, MARK HEWITT, SIMON C. COURTENAY,
RAINIE L. SHARPE and GLEN J. VAN DER KRAAK
Development of an Accumulation Model to Investigate Active Substances Bioavailable to Fish Exposed to Treated Pulp Mill Effluents
MARK HEWITT, ANDREA PRYCE, JOANNE L. PARROTT, MARK E. MCMASTER, RICK SCHRYER, BARRY K. FIRTH, ANDREW BELKNAP, KELLY R. MUNKITTRICK and GLEN J. VAN DER KRAAK
Hazard Identification of Pulp Mill Solid Waste to Aquatic Species
STEPHANIE A. HAWKINS, CAROLYN D. HEDLEY, HEATHER M. ORR, MIKE VAN DEN HEUVEL
and PETER V. HODSON
Using an Integrated Risk Assessment Strategy to Characterize Exposure and Effects in the Field with Caged Bivalves
MICHAEL H. SALAZAR and SANDRA M. SALAZAR
An Evaluation of the Potential Effects of Paper Mill Effluents on Freshwater Mussels in Rice Creek, Florida
NICOLA J. KERNAGHAN, D. SHANE RUESSLER, STEWART E. HOLM and TIMOTHY S. GROSS Cumulative Effects Investigation of Pulp Mill and Sewage Effluent Impacts on Benthic Food Webs: A Mesocosm Example
JOSEPH M. CULP, NANCY E. GLOZIER, KEVIN J. CASH, MONIQUE G. DUBE,
DEBORAH L. MACLATCHY, BOB BRUA, BARRY K. FIRTH and GUY M. WILSON
Using Mesocosms to Explore the Relationship Between Algal Accrual Responses and Nutrient Exposure (Nitrogen and Phosphorus) on the Wapiti River, AB, Canada
KEVIN J. CASH, JOSEPH M. CULP, NANCY E. GLOZIER, BOB BRUA, BARRY K. FIRTH
and GUY M. WILSON
Using Mesocosms to Explore Confounding Factors Influencing Longnose Dace (Rhinichthys cataractae) Responses to Kraft Mill Effluent on the Wapiti River, AB, Canada
MONIQUE G. DUBE, DEBORAH L. MACLATCHY, BARRY K. FIRTH, JOSEPH M. CULP,
NANCY E. GLOZIER and KEVIN J. CASH
Are Developmental Abnormalities a Useful Endpoint for the Wild Fish Survey Element of the Canadian EEM Program for Pulp and Paper Mills?
MONICA BOUDREAU, SIMON COURTENAY, LOU VAN GUELPEN, DEBORAH L. MACLATCHY, DAVID ROBERTSON, MATTHEW FREEBORN, CELINE BERUBE and GLEN VAN DER KRAAK

Pulp and Paper Effluent Hypoxia Interactions in Fish
MICHAEL J. LANDMAN, MICHAEL R. VAN DEN HEUVEL and NICHOLAS LING

SECTION 5: REGULATORY ISSUES AND DEVELOPMENTS

Historical Pulp Mill Effluent and Water Quality Concerns and Recent European Regulatory Developments
ISAIAH GELLMAN
Brazilian Environmental Regulations for Bleached Kraft Pulp Mills
TATIANA H. FURLEY
Overview of Improvements in Effluent Quality as a Result of Changes to the Federal and Provincial Pulp and Paper Mill Effluent Control Regimes
DAVID HALLIBURTON and LINDA MADDISON
A Review of the Environmental Effects of Pulp and Paper Mill Effluents in Canada Following Regulatory Changes Made in 1992
MARK E. MCMASTER, JOANNE L. PARROTT and MARK HEWITT
Bringing Science to Bear on the Water Quality Regulatory Process
WILLIAM GILLESPIE and JERRY SCHWARTZ

Estimation of Effluent Flow Contribution in U.S. Mill Receiving Waters
JOHN BEEBE, JIM PALUMBO and LAUREL EPPSTEIN

Subject Index

Author Index

ISBN: 978-1-932078-37-4, ©2004, Book with CD-ROM, 608 pages, 7×10, Hardcover

USD Price: $99.50

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