Introduction to the Dimensional Stability of Composite Materials

Ernest G. Wolff, Precision Measurements & Instruments Corporation

ISBN13: 978-1-932078-22-0, 1-932078-22-3, 2004, 420 pages and 200 figures, 6×9, hardcover

  • Comprehensive numerical presentation of dimensional instability in composites
  • Quantitative analyses for predicting deformations in all types of composite materials
  • Evaluation of mechanical, thermophysical, environmental stresses over time
  • Unique aid in design of composites for specific application conditions

This book is a comprehensive introduction to the quantitative analysis of dimensional instability in composite materials. It will aid in predicting deformations in a wide range of composite materials products and parts, under mechanical, thermophysical, and environmental stresses over time. Written by an internationally known expert on the analysis of composites, this new work brings together the best quantitative methods and currently known data for understanding how composites become unstable over time. The technical insights and information in this book offer a practical foundation for engineering composite materials with better stability and increased performance.

Preface
Acknowledgments

Chapter I: INTRODUCTION

  • What is Dimensional Stability?
  • Historical Notes
  • Magnitude: Units, Range, Engineering vs. True Strain, Dependence on Measurement

Chapter II: DIMENSIONALLY STABLE MATERIALS

  • Introduction
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Glasses and Ceramics
  • Polymers
  • General Composites
  • Composite Constituents
  • Metal Matrix Composites
  • Ceramic Matrix Composites
  • Polymer Matrix Composites
  • Carbon Matrix Composites
  • Natural Composites
  • Hybrid Composites
  • Shape Memory Materials
  • Functionally Graded Materials
  • Nanomaterials
  • “In situ” Composites

Chapter III: MECHANICAL EFFECTS

  • Introduction
  • Composite Notation
  • Micromechanics
  • Macromechanics of Laminates
  • Orthotropic Materials
  • Curvature
  • Thickness Effects
  • Poisson’s Ratio
  • Edge/End Effects
  • Residual Stresses
  • Plastic Deformation
  • Microyield Stress
  • References

 

Chapter IV: ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS-TEMPERATURE

  • Introduction
  • CTE of Constituents
  • Micromechanics
  • Macromechanics
  • Volumetric Expansion
  • Resin Matrix Composites
  • Metal Matrix Composites
  • Ceramic Matrix Composites
  • Uniformity of CTE
  • Structural Forms
  • References

Chapter V: ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS-MASS ABSORPTION

  • Introduction
  • Moisture Content
  • Moisture Distribution
  • Moisture Induced Strain
  • Coatings
  • CME Data

Chapter VI: ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS-RADIATION

  • Introduction
  • Space Radiation
  • Radiation Effects on Micromechanical Properties
  • Radiation Effects on Thermophysical Properties
  • Nuclear Radiation
  • UV and Miscellaneous Radiation

Chapter VII: ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS-TIME

  • Introduction
  • Temporal Stability
  • Relaxation of Residual Stresses
  • Physical Aging
  • Chemical Aging
  • Thermal Aging
  • Post Curing

Chapter VIII: CREEP

  • Introduction
  • General Creep Behavior
  • Creep of Composite Constituents
  • Microstructure
  • Loading Conditions
  • Creep Mechanisms
  • Recovery and Relaxation
  • Damage Development
  • Prediction of Creep Strains

Chapter IX: INTERNAL DAMAGE

  • Introduction
  • Thermally Induced Microcracking in FRPL
  • Mechanical (Stress) Cycling in PMC
  • Dimensional Changes due to Microcracking
  • Effects of Microcracking on Dimensional Stability, Effect on CTE, Thermal Cycling of PMC, Effects on Micromechanical Properties
  • Methods to Minimize Microcracking
  • Thermal Spikes
  • Reverse Thermal Effect
  • Thermal Cycling of MMC
  • Thermal Cycling of CMC
  • Microcracking and Moisture
  • Role of Fiber/Matrix Interface
  • Surface Damage

Chapter X: COMBINED EFFECTS

  • Introduction
  • Thermoelasticity
  • Effect of Stress on Thermal Expansion
  • Hygrothermoelasticity
  • Effects of Stress on Mass Diffusivity
  • Stress and Moisture Effects
  • The Mechanosorptive Effect
  • Moisture Cycling
  • Combined Stress-Moisture-Damage

Chapter XI: MEASUREMENT TECHNIQUES

  • Introduction
  • General Metrology
  • Microyield Strength (MYS)
  • Thermal Expansion (CTE)
  • Moisture Expansion (CME)
  • Temporal Stability
  • Creep
  • Damage Induced Dimensional Changes
  • Techniques for Combined Effects
  • Related Techniques

Chapter XII: APPLICATIONS

  • Introduction
  • Dimensionally Stable Requirements
  • Selected Applications: Aircraft, Antenna Structures, Automotive, Biomedical, Cryogenics, Electronics, Fabrication, Flywheels, High Temperature, Instrument Components, Large Space Structures, Metering Functions, Microwave Components, Mirrors, Optical Support Structures, Radiation Environments, Radomes, Smart Materials Technology, Spacecraft Components, Structural/Infrastructure, Wind Turbines, General Design Methodology

Index

ISBN13: 978-1-932078-22-0, 1-932078-22-3, 2004, 420 pages and 200 figures, 6×9, hardcover

USD Price: $149.50

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