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Sustainable Composites

Fibers, Resins and Applications

Anil N. Netravali, Professor of Fiber Science, Cornell UniversityChristopher M. Pastore, Professor of Transdisciplinary Studies, Philadelphia University

978-1-60595-111-9, ©2015, 562 pages, 6×9, Hardcover

 

  • Comprehensive introduction to composites from natural and recycled biomaterials
  • Covers fabrication, mechanical analysis and modeling of green composites
  • New ideas for cost-effective alternative matrices, fibers and additives
  • Applications to construction, automotive, and civil engineering

An important contribution to the evolution of composites technology, this book is a systematic investigation of how natural biomaterials are used to create cost-effective and environmentally sound composites for commercial use. The book shows how a wide range of plant- and animal-based materials are integrated into the design and fabrication of matrices and reinforcements for polymeric and other types of composites. In addition, a focus is placed on modeling and mechanical analyses of biobased composites, providing valuable data on their performance. Sustainable composites are shown to be viable alternatives for manufactured components in automotive, civil engineering and construction applications.


Book Review

This well-written, enjoyable work adds to the growing literature on materials from sustainable/renewable resources. Netravali (Cornell Univ.) and Pastore (Philadelphia Univ.) describe a wide range of material sources and uses, mostly plant-based, but they also include some insect and bacterial-sourced materials. While many of the materials are the same as those covered in two other excellent volumes of the last decade, Biodegradable Polymer Blends and Composites from Renewable Resources, edited by Long Yu (CH, Jul’09, 46-6217), and Bio-Based Polymers and Composites, by Richard Wool and Xiuzhi Susan Sun 43-2217 (CH, Dec’05, 43-2217), this contribution still holds its own for several reasons. The content seems easily accessible to readers who do not have a significant background in chemistry or depth of familiarity with physical/mechanical properties. So in not covering the chemistry or materials properties as thoroughly as the other volumes, the authors can focus on materials and topics they omitted. In that way their text will appeal to a broader audience than other texts do but still be a good read for the more technically advanced readership.
P. G. Heiden, Michigan Technological University
Summing Up: Highly recommended. Upper-division undergraduates and above.

Introduction

1. The Future of Green Materials
ROBERT FRYER

  • Introduction
  • Context
  • Scenario Plan Forecast
  • Conclusions
  • References

2. Biopolymers as Resins for Fabrication of Films and Nanocomposites
TRINA GHOSH DASTIDAR and ANIL N. NETRAVALI

  • Green Resins
  • Polymers of Triglycerides
  • References

3. Vegetable Oil-Based Resins and Composites
RAFAEL L. QUIRINO and MICHAEL R. KESSLER

  • Introduction
  • Free-Radical-Initiated Polymerization of Vegetable Oils
  • Cationic Polymerization of Vegetable Oils
  • Biobased Polymers from Olefin Metathesis Polymerization of Vegetable Oils
  • Condensation Polymerization of Vegetable Oils
  • Biobased Composites
  • Conclusion
  • References

4. Soy and Starch-Based Resins
JUN TAE KIM and ANIL N. NETRAVALI

  • Introduction
  • Soy Protein-Based Resins
  • Starch-Based Resins
  • References

5. Sustainable Additives
JASON LYONS

  • Definition
  • Introduction
  • Fillers
  • Low Profile Additives
  • Flame Retardants
  • Impact Modifiers
  • Legislation
  • Future Trends
  • Reference

6. Cellulosic Fibers: A Brief Review
FRANCES H. KOZEN and ANIL N. NETRAVALI

  • Abstract
  • Seed Pod Fibers
  • Seed Hair Fibers
  • Leaf Fibers
  • Grass Fibers
  • References

7. A History of the Use of Feathers in Textile Applications
BRIAN R. GEORGE and KATHERINE BOGASH

  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Initial Research
  • Textile Applications of Feather Fibers
  • Composite Applications of Feather Fibers
  • Other Applications for Feather Fibers
  • Conclusions
  • References

8. Natural Fiber Composites from Agricultural By-products: An Overview
CALISTOR NYAMBO, VIDHYA NAGARAJAN, AMAR K. MOHANTY and MANJUSRI MISRA

  • Introduction
  • Fiber Supply and Economics
  • Composites from Agricultural By-products
  • Polymer Matrices for Natural Fiber Composite
  • Composite Fabrication Techniques
  • Fiber Surface Modification Techniques and Compatibilization
  • Concise Review on Agricultural Residue Based Composites
  • Hybrid Biocomposites
  • Mechanical Characterization of Composites
  • Thermomechanical Characterization and Thermal Behavior of Natural Fiber Composites
  • Densities of the PLA Composites
  • Morphology of Natural Fiber Composites
  • Biodegradation and Water Absorption Characteristics of the PLA Composites
  • Natural Fiber Composites in Automotives and Other Applications
  • Challenges and Future Developments for Natural Fiber Composites
  • Acknowledgements
  • References

9. Polysaccharide Composites
YATINKUMAR N. RANE

  • Introduction
  • Biodegradable Polymer
  • Natural Cellulosic Fiber
  • Flax/Chitosan Composite
  • Conclusions
  • Acknowledgements
  • References

10. Green Composites Using Bamboo
TORU FUJII

  • What Is Bamboo?
  • Bamboo Structure and Its Fiber
  • How to Extract Bamboo Fibers
  • Bamboo Fiber Classification
  • How to Effectively and Practically Extract Bamboo Fibers and Wastewater Treatment Based on the
  • Alkali Treatment
  • Applications of Long Bamboo Fiber
  • Applications of Short Bamboo Fiber
  • Concluding Remarks on Bamboo Fiber as Reinforcement for Both Thermoset and Thermoplastics

11. Renewable Biobased Composites for Civil Engineering Applications
S.L. BILLINGTON, W.V. SRUBAR III, A.T. MICHEL and S.A. MILLER

  • Introduction
  • Biobased Composites in Construction
  • Opportunities for Rapidly Renewable Biobased Composites for Civil Engineering Applications
  • Challenges for Industry Acceptance of Rapidly Renewable Biobased Composites
  • Addressing Long-term Durability: Quantifying Service Life
  • Addressing Design Feasibility: Developing Design Tools
  • Summary
  • Acknowledgements
  • References

12. Natural Fiber Composites and Their Hollow Core Panels
S. RAO, K. JAYARAMAN and D. BHATTACHARYYA

  • Introduction
  • Testing
  • Manufacturing
  • Mechanical Properties
  • Thermoforming Processes and Analyses
  • Time Dependent Behaviour
  • Hollow Core Manufacturing
  • Summary
  • References

13. Physical and Chemical Properties of Alkali-Activated Fly Ash Materials
HOSSEIN ROSTAMI

  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Fly Ash and Alkali Activation in Concrete
  • High Performance Concrete
  • Lightweight Concrete
  • Results and Discussion
  • Properties of Regular Weight High Performance Alkali Ash Materials
  • Comparison of Sodium Based and Potassium Based AAM
  • Conclusions
  • References

14. Mechanical Properties of Natural Fiber Composites
YASSER GOWAYED and EBRAHEEM SHADY

  • Introduction
  • Modeling of Mechanical Properties of Short Fiber Composites
  • Experimental Observation of Mechanical Properties of Natural Composites
  • References

15. Stochastic Processes in Modeling the Strength of Composites
STUART LEIGH PHOENIX and JIE BAI

  • Introduction
  • Models for the Strength of Single Fibers
  • Chain-of-Bundles Model for Composite Failure Under Equal-Load Sharing Among Fibers in a Limited Volumetric Region
  • Chain-of-Bundles Model for Composite Failure Under Local-Load Sharing Among Fibers
  • Concluding Comments
  • References

Index

Sustainable Composites (Entire eBook)
$145.00 Save: $44.50
Chapter 1: The Future of Green Materials
$25.00
Chapter 2: Biopolymers as Resins for Fabrication of Films and Nanocomposites
$25.00
Chapter 3: Vegetable Oil-Based Resins and Composites
$25.00
Chapter 4: Soy and Starch-Based Resins
$25.00
Chapter 5: Sustainable Additives
$25.00
Chapter 6: Cellulosic Fibers: A Brief Review
$25.00
Chapter 7: A History of the Use of Feathers in Textile Applications
$25.00
Chapter 8: Natural Fiber Composites from Agricultural By-products: An Overview
$25.00
Chapter 9: Polysaccharide Composites
$25.00
Chapter 10: Green Composites Using Bamboo
$25.00
Chapter 11: Renewable Biobased Composites for Civil Engineering Applications
$25.00
Chapter 12: Natural Fiber Composites and Their Hollow Core Panels
$25.00
Chapter 13: Physical and Chemical Properties of Alkali-Activated Fly Ash Materials
$25.00
Chapter 14: Mechanical Properties of Natural Fiber Composites
$25.00
Chapter 15: Stochastic Processes in Modeling the Strength of Composites
$25.00

978-1-60595-111-9, ©2015, 562 pages, 6×9, Hardcover

 

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