Bioactive Food Packaging

Strategies, Quality, Safety

Edited by: Michael Kontominas, Ph.D.

978-1-60595-117-1, ©2016, 474 pages, 6×9, Hardcover

“…The chapter on bioactive biopolymer-based materials is the stand-out chapter in the
book. The editor is to be congratulated on getting 26 authors from 8 countries to devote their time to contributing chapters…”
–Dr Gordon L. Robertson, University of Queensland, Australia

  • Explains bioactive and biobased materials used for food packaging
  • Investigates migration, controlled release, edible coatings and films
  • Covers preservation and safety of many packaged foods

This engineering book brings together two of the key strands in food packaging: active packaging and natural, often biobased, components. The text investigates the chemistry, effects and technical incorporation of bioactives into different forms of packaging. Specifically, chapters focus on techniques for impregnating natural substances into conventional and biodegradable food packaging materials with an emphasis on their antioxidant and antimicrobial functions. Oxygen scavengers, plant extracts, essential oils, enzymes, phytochemicals, polysaccharides are investigated. Chapters discuss how bioactives are combined with packaging to suppress microbes and improve the quality of meat, seafood, dairy and cereal products. How bioactives affect packaging development, such as scale-up, fabrication and labeling is discussed, as are European and U.S. regulations.


Chapter 1. Bioactive Packaging of Foods: Quality and Safety Issues 1
Michael G. Kontominas, Ph.D.
1.1. Introduction
1.2. Antioxidant Applications of Bioactive Food Packaging
1.3. Antimicrobial Applications of Bioactive Food Packaging
1.4. Other Applications
1.5. Effect of Additives on Physico-Chemical and Mechanical Properties of Bioactive Packaging Materials
1.6. Regulatory Advances
1.7. Modeling of Bioactive Agent Transport in Food Packaging Systems
1.8. References

Chapter 2. Bioactive Agents and Polymers
Panuwat Suppakul
2.1. Introduction
2.2. Functions of Bioactive Agent
2.3. Sources of Bioactive Agent
2.4. Polymers for Bioactive Packaging Materials
2.5. Fabrication Techniques for Bioactive Packaging Materials
2.6. Concluding Remarks
2.7. References

Chapter 3. Surface Modification of Packaging Films by Coatings with Bioactive Compounds and Biopolymers
Mia Kurek and Frederic Debeaufort
3.1. Introduction
3.2. Plastics and Biopolymers used as Substrates and Coating Materials
3.3. Requirement for Coating Processing
3.4. Coating Technologies
3.5. Optimization of Packaging Materials’ Functional Properties using Coating Materials
3.6. Conclusion
3.7. References

Chapter 4. Diffusion of Bioactive Compounds from Edible Packaging Material to the Contained Food/Modeling Migration
Norma Leticia Flores-Martinez, Mauricio Daniel Garcia-Rosas and Cristina Irma Perez-Perez
4.1. Introduction
4.2. Edible Coating or Film as a Mass Transfer Barrier
4.3. Mass Transfer Food Packaging Systems
4.4. Methods used to Control the Release of the Active/Bioactive Agent from Food Packaging Films
4.5. Concluding Remarks
4.6. References

Chapter 5. Efficiency of Antimicrobial and Antioxidant Food Packaging Systems: Role of Bioactive Compounds
Sunil Mangalassary
5.1. Introduction
5.2. Antimicrobial Packaging Systems
5.3. Antioxidant Food Packaging Systems
5.4. Conclusion
5.5. References

Chapter 6. Biopolymer-Based Antimicrobial Packaging Systems: Physical Properties and Function
Kyriaki G. Zinoviadou, Konstantinos P. Koutsoumanis and Costas G. Biliaderis
6.1. Introduction
6.2. Components of Biopolymer-based Films
6.3. Biopolymer-based Antimicrobial Packaging
6.4. Fabrication of Biopolymer-based Films
6.5. Physicochemical Properties of Biopolymer-based Films
6.6. Conclusion
6.7. References

Chapter 7. Advanced Bioactive Biopolymer-Based Materials in Food Packaging
Veronique Coma and Idoia Olabarrieta
7.1. Introduction
7.2. Functional Concepts of Bioactive Packaging
7.3. Migratory Bioactive Materials
7.4. Nonmigratory Bioactive Materials
7.5. New Trends in Migratory Bioactive Biobased Materials
7.6. Immobilized Whole-Cell Systems: “Living Packaging”
7.7. New Trends in Nonmigratory Bioactive Biobased Materials: Green Chemical and Enzymatic Modification of Biopolymers
7.8. Market Applications and Regulations
7.9. Future Prospects and Conclusion
7.10. References

Chapter 8. Nanotechnology as a Facile Route for Dispersion of Active Molecules into Biopolymers
Giuliana Gorrasi
8.1. Introduction
8.2. Nanocomposites Properties and Applications
8.3. Biobased Nanocomposites
8.4. Regulation Issues
8.5. Conclusion and Perspectives
8.6. References

Chapter 9. Bioactive Packaging Systems Containing Lysozyme
Amalia Conte and Matteo Alessandro Del Nobile
9.1. Introduction
9.2. Controlled Release of Lysozyme from Polymeric Matrix
9.3. Lysozyme Immobilized to Polymeric Matrix
9.4. Final Considerations
9.5. References

Chapter 10. Antimicrobial Edible Films
Arzu Cagri Mehmetoglu
10.1. Introduction
10.2. Components of Edible Films
10.3. Film-forming Techniques
10.4. Antimicrobial Edible Films
10.5. References

Chapter 11. Novel EVOH Developments for Active/Bioactive Food Packaging Applications
Ramon Catala, Carolina Lopez-De-Dicastillo, Josep P. Cerisuelo, Virginia Muriel-Galet,
Gracia Lopez-Carballo, Pilar Hernandez-Munoz and Rafael Gavara
11.1. Introduction
11.2. Active Materials for the Control of Oxidation in Food
11.3. Active Materials for Microbiological Control of Foods
11.4. Active Materials for the Elimination of Undesirable Substances in Packaged Food
11.5. Acknowledgements
11.6. References

Chapter 12. EU Regulations and General Principles
I. Severin and M. C. Chagnon
12.1. Introduction
12.2. Regulation 450/2009
12.3. General Principles of Regulation in the United States of America
12.4. Active Packaging in the United States of America
12.5. References


978-1-60595-117-1, ©2016, 474 pages, 6×9, Hardcover

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