Shadow Children

Understanding Education's #1 Problem, Second Edition

Anthony S. Dallmann-Jones, Ph.D.
Professor of Educational Psychology, School of Graduate Education, Marian University

ISBN 978-0-9787610-3-5, ©2011, 233 pages, 6×9, Soft cover

  • Understanding and helping at-risk students
  • First book to present in-depth, research-based information on at-risk students in schools today
  • Identification and characteristics of at-risk students, and their impact on social and school environment
  • Components and analysis of effective prevention and intervention programs
  • Selection of Learner’s Edge

At-risk students present a major and growing problem in US schools today. Now in a completely updated second edition, Shadow Children: Understanding Education’s #1 Problem provides an in-depth, research based examination of the at-risk problem and population by a leading authority. Included is a section of 5 chapters that provides guidance in prevention and intervention programs. The new edition is the primary text for Learner’s Edge popular distance learning course “The Courage to Care: Working with At-Risk Students”.

How can educators identify, assess, understand and help at-risk students? This book provides in-depth answers to key questions such as: Who are today’s at-risk children? How do children become at-risk? What are the characteristics of at-risk children—how do they impact the social and school environment? What are the components of effective prevention and intervention programs? The answers to these and questions provided by a leading authority will help you understand and deal with the growing issue of at-risk students in U.S. schools today.

Preface
Acknowledgments
Introduction

CHAPTER 1: Who Are Shadow Children?
How Can the Tide Be Turned?
What Is the Cost of Having a Population of Shadow Children?

CHAPTER 2: Child Maltreatment Costs
Direct Costs
Indirect Costs
Prevention Cost-Benefit Analyses
Case Studies
Conclusion

SECTION I: SHADOW CHILDREN: TYPE I—THE SCHOOL DROPOUT

CHAPTER 3: Youth At Risk of Dropping Out of School
Why Is Dropping Out Such a Poor Choice?
The Dollar Cost of Dropping Out of School
Implications

CHAPTER 4: Danger in the Shadows
Cipher in the Snow
Don Cheney (1941–1955)

CHAPTER 5: Expand the Definition of At Risk? Are You Crazy?
The National At-Risk Education Network
Old Definitions
New Definitions, New Ways
Conclusion

CHAPTER 6: Counting the Shadow Children—Part I
The Dropout Scenario
Statistically Significant Indicator #1
Statistically Significant Indicator #2

SECTION II: SHADOW CHILDREN: TYPE II—UNHEALTHY BEGINNINGS

CHAPTER 7: Counting the Shadow Children—Part II
At Risk of Not Succeeding in Life
A New Starfish Story
Youth At Risk from a Bad Start
Prisons, Parents, and Pupils
The Educational War We Are In

CHAPTER 8: Understanding the Effects of Abuse and Neglect

CHAPTER 9: Dysfunctionality
Functional vs. Dysfunctional

CHAPTER 10: Life’s Toolbox of Skills and Techniques
An Explanation
Abuse, Neglect, and Susceptibility
Addiction as Adaptation

CHAPTER 11: The Many Forms of Abuse
Towards a Nomenclature of Human Abuse and Neglect
Definition of Abuse and Neglect

SECTION III: THE SHADOW CHILDREN SYNDROME: THE INSIDE STORY

CHAPTER 12: The Shadow Child Syndrome
Survivor Traits of Shadow Children
The Shadow Child Syndrome and Limits and Boundaries
Recovery, Uncover, and Discovery
Reaching the Core

CHAPTER 13: Implications of the Shadow Child Syndrome in the Educational Environment
Control Consciousness
Avoiding Emotions
Inability to Grieve
Guilt from Over Responsibility
Crisis Addiction
Guessing at Normality
Low Self-Esteem
Compulsive Behaviors
Conclusion

SECTION IV: PREVENTION AND INTERVENTION: WHERE IT SHOULD ALL BEGIN . . .

CHAPTER 14: At-Risk Program Considerations
A Tongue-in-Cheek Look at What Not to Do!
At-Risk Students as Objects of Prejudice

CHAPTER 15: Angels and Warriors
Educators Who Succeed with Shadow Children
What We Focus on Expands
Focusing on Teaching
Conclusion

CHAPTER 16: A Case for Separate At-Risk Education Standards
Programs That Work
Three Models That Work
The NAREN Nine
Positive Youth Development
Educating for Human Greatness
Conclusion

CHAPTER 17: Prevention and Intervention
Factors Influencing Prevention/Intervention Programming
Selecting for Intervention
Why Bother with Forms?

CHAPTER 18: Preparing Teachers for Excellence in
Educating the At-Risk Student
Is There a Need for a Concentrated Field of Study Called At-Risk Education?
Higher Education Institutions with Advanced Degree Programs in
Alternative Education and/or At-Risk Education
Conclusion

CHAPTER 19: Conclusion
A Concluding Statement for an Ongoing Problem
The Secret Angel Club

Appendix I—Classifying Abuse and Neglect
Appendix II—A Case Study in Commonality
Appendix III—Prevention as Early Intervention
Bibliography and Readings
Index
About the Author
Products

Anthony Dallmann-Jones, Ph.D. brings to this completely revised second edition his lifetime experience as an educator and advocate specializing in at-risk children in schools. He is founder and director of the National At-Risk Education Network (NAREN) and graduate professor of educational psychology at the School of Graduate Education at Marian University. He has taught at every level from elementary to graduate school. At Marian University he co-founded the first accredited master’s program in alternative education which specializes in working with at-risk students.

ISBN 978-0-9787610-3-5, ©2011, 233 pages, 6×9, Soft cover

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