Proceedings of the Joint American Society For Composites 2004 / American Society For Testing And Materials Committee D30 – Nineteenth Technical Conference

October 17-20, 2004, Atlanta, GA

Edited by:
Erian Armanios, School of Aerospace Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology
James Reeder, Mechanics and Durability Branch, NASA Langley Research Center

ISBN13: 978-1-932078-44-2, 1-932078-44-4, 2004, single CD-ROM housed in plastic jewel case

  • Highlights the recent developments in the fundamental understanding of composites; important information for researchers and composite scientists
  • More than 130 reports by materials specialists
  • Fully searchable CD-ROM of full text including all tables and figures (including illustrations)

The proceedings of this annual conference serves the objectives of ASC by providing a communication forum for the engineering and scientific community and promoting the growth of knowledge through presentations from leading scientists and engineers gained from advances in the interdisciplinary engineering and scientific research in composites science and technology. Some of the topics include:

  • Automotive applications
  • Infrastructure composites
  • Composite Processing
  • Testing Methods
  • Nanotechnology
  • Strength Analysis
  • Biocomposites
  • Manufacturing and Processing
  • Impact and Energy Absorption

This meeting also highlights information presented by American Society For Testing And Materials Committee D30. This organization is the foremost developer and provider of voluntary consensus standards and related technical information to promote public health and safety and overall quality of life.

The CD-ROM displays figures and illustrations in articles in full color along with a title screen and main menu screen. Each user can link to all papers from the Table of Contents and Author Index and also link to papers and front matter by using the global bookmarks which allow navigation of the entire CD-ROM from every article. Each paper has internal links from figure and table references to view the actual figures and tables and links to all e-mail addresses and URLs mentioned in any paper. Search features on the CD-ROM can be by full text including all key words, article title, author name, and session title. The CD-ROM has Autorun feature for Windows 95 or higher products along with the program for Adobe Acrobat Reader with Search 5.0. One year of technical support is included with your purchase of the CD-ROM.

Session M1: Nanotechnology I

  • Helium Gas Permeability of Carbon Nanotubes Dispersed Epoxy
  • Modeling Compressive Failure of Nanoclay—Enhanced Fiber Composites
  • Nanotube-Reinforced Composites: Characterization and Modeling

Session M2: Manufacturing and Processing I

  • Composites Materials Reinforced by Flax Fibres Correlation between Adhesion of Fibre/Matrix and Mechanicals Properties of Laminates According to Chemical Treatments of Fibres
  • Fabrication and Characterization of PLA Fabric Insert Injection Molded Biodegradable Composites
  • Bismaleimide and Cyanate Ester Sequential IPNs for High Temperature Composite Liquid Molding Applications

Session M3: Nondestructive Evaluation

  • Ultrasonic Characterization of Bond Line Parameters in Adhesively Bonded Carbon-Epoxy Composites
  • Self-Diagnosis of Damage in Fibrous Composites using Electrical Resistivity Measurements
  • Damage Evolution of a Woven Sandwich Composite by AE NDE

Session M4: Numerical Methods I

  • A Unified Approach for Evaluating Stiffness and Ply Stresses of Composite Beams with Various Cross-Sections
  • Transient Thermoelastic Deformations of Functionally Graded Beams by the Meshless Local Petrov-Galerkin Method
  • Higher-Order Finite Element Formulation for Dynamic Analysis of Laminated Composite Beams

Session M5: Comp Design I

  • On the Fundamental Limitations of Data and Models—Lessons from the Composites World
  • Modeling Mechanical Joints in Otherwise Linear Structures
  • Design of Efficient Bonded Joints for Thin-Walled Composite Structures

Session M6: Nanotechnology II

  • Polymer/Carbon Nanotube Nanocomposite Fibers: Process-Morphology-Property Relationships
  • Cross-Linked Nanotube Materials with Variable Stiffness Tethers
  • Adhesive Bonding Reinforced by Nanofibers for Materials and Structural Joints

Session M7: Manufacturing and Processing II

  • Development of Bamboo Fiber/Biodegradable Polymer Composites
  • Filament Winding: Analytical Kinematic Solutions and Collision Control
  • Filament Winding: Process Optimisation through Application of Dynamic Programming

Session M8: Embedded Sensors

  • Delamination Detection in CFRP Laminates using Fiber Bragg Grating Sensors as Lamb Wave Receivers
  • Failure Mechanisms of Cu Embedded Multifunctional Composite Structures
  • Measurement of Strain in the Skin and Core Layers of Composite Laminates using A-EFPI Optical Fiber Sensor

Session M9: Numerical Methods II

  • A Nonlinear Sublaminate Model for the Viscoelastic Analysis of Multi-Layered FRP Composite Structures
  • The Influence of Geometric Nonlinearities on the Deformations of Inplane-Loaded Flat Semi-Infinite Unsymmetric Laminates
  • Predicting Stress-Strain Response in Composite Laminates

Session M10: Comp Design II

  • A Study on the Flexible FR-4 Application for Memory Chip Packaging
  • Dynamic Behavior of Advanced Gun Barrels in Response to Launch of a Projectile

Session M11: Fracture and Failure I

  • Failure Mechanisms in Polymer Composites Containing Micro and Nano Particles
  • Effects of Friction, Geometry and Fixture Compliance on the Perceived Toughness from Three and Four Point Bend End Notched Flexure Tests
  • Failure Analysis and Fatigue Life Prediction of a Composite Structural Beam
  • Mode I Fracture Toughness of Advanced Polymers in a Cryotank Environment

Session M12: High Performance Composites for High Performance Cars I

  • Composite Design and Manufacture of the Swift Toyota Atlantic Race Car
  • Safety and Weight Tradeoffs Achieved using Advanced Composite Materials in Racing Cars
  • SP Systems Sprint Technology for the MG X-Power SV
  • Advanced Composites on the Ford GT

Session M13: Micromechanics I

  • Micro to Macro Structural Mechanics
  • Asymptotic Homogenization Model for Prediction of Effective Properties of Composite and Heterogeneous Structures
  • Thermo-Viscoplastic Modeling of Composites Exposed to Fire or High Temperature

Session M14: Modeling I

  • Buckling of Thin-Walled Composite Beam-Columns with Stochastic Properties
  • The Effect of Non-Classical Behaviors on the Measurement of the Timoshenko Shear Stiffness
  • Nonlinear Constitutive Modeling of FRP Composites using Artificial Neural Networks
  • Validation of a Woven Fabric Analyzer using Composite Material Strain Measurements from a Digital Image Correlation System

Session M15: Energy Absorption And Ballistic Protection

  • Analytical/Experimental Investigation of Energy Absorption in Grid-Stiffened Composite Structures under Transverse Loading
  • Penetration Failure of Composite Structures: (II) Armor-Grade Composites and Hybrid Systems
  • Structural Performance of Laminated Armors for the Army’s Future Combat Systems

Session M16: Fracture and Failure II

  • Interlaminar Fracture Toughness and Thickness Effects of IM7/977-2 Composites in a Cryotank Environment
  • Characterization of the Edge Crack Torsion (ECT) Test for Mode III Fracture Toughness Measurement of Laminated Composites
  • Discrete Spring Model for Predicting Delamination Growth in Z-Fiber Reinforced DCB Specimens
  • Damage and Delamination Characteristics in Composite Laminates with Ply Dropoffs under Static and Cyclic In-Plane Loads

Session M17: High Performance Composites For High Performance Cars II

  • Moving Closer to the Goal of Cost Effective Complex Geometry Carbon Composite Parts
  • The Design of a Funny Car Dragster Body Shell
  • Development of Carbon/Epoxy Structural Components for a Topless High Performance Vehicle
  • Design and Manufacturing Advanced Automotive Composite Structures

Session M18: Impact and Energy Absorption I

  • Analytical and Experimental Investigations of the Impact Response of Grid Stiffened E-Glass/Polypropylene (PP) Composite Panels
  • Impact Resistance of Three-Dimensional Woven Fabric Composites
  • Hygrothermal Testing and Evaluation of Mechanical Properties of Rubber-Glass Particulate Hybrid Composites
  • Detecting the Perforation Threshold of Curved Symmetrical CFRP Composite Panels

Session M19: Environmental and Transport Properties

  • Damage Initiation and Growth in Composite Laminates under Thermomechanical Loadings
  • Effect of Environment and Sustained Load on Fracture Toughness of GFRP-Concrete Bond
  • CTE Measurements and Residual Stresses at Cryogenic and High Temperatures
  • Use of Percolation Concepts in Materials Design, and Design of Intracellular Sensor Arrays

Session T1: Test Methods I

  • An Experimental Investigation of the Effect of a Negative Through-the-Thickness Poisson’s Ratio on Patch Repairs
  • A New Test Method in Determining the Mohr-Coulomb Friction Factor and Transverse Shear Strength of Thick-Section Composites
  • Tensile Scaling Effects in Notched Composites

Session T2: Fracture and Failure III/Nanotechnology III

  • Modeling of the Compressive Failure of Plain Weave Composites
  • A Three Dimensional Stress Transfer Model of Single Walled Carbon Nanotube Reinforced Composites
  • Evaluation of Thermal and Mechanical Properties of Nanophased Carbon Prepregs

Session T3: Micromechanics II

  • A Parametric Study of Commingled Glass/Polypropylene Woven Fabrics during Shear
  • Mechanical Properties of Matrix Blend Composites

Session T4: Impact and Energy Absorption II

  • A Multi-Parameter Approach to Impact Performance Characterization
  • Dynamic Axial Crush of Automotive Rail-Sized Composite Tubes Part 4: Plug vs. Non-Plug Crush Initiators

Session T5: Comp Design III/Processing I

  • Bending Performance of Low-Cost Sandwich Panels: Predictions and Measurements
  • Effect of Sandwich Design on Effective Properties of Honeycomb Core
  • Development of Residual Stresses and Distortion during the Cure of Polymer Matrix Composites

Session T6: Test Methods II

  • Interlaminar Strain Measurement for the Determination of TiGr Residual Stresses in Ti-15-3
  • Development and Characterization of ECLIPSE Actuators
  • Edge Modifications for Fiber Pushout Experiments

Session T7: Nanotechnology IV

  • Carbon Nanofiber Modified Carbon-Carbon Composites
  • Analytical Modeling of Fracture Behavior in Carbon Nanofiber Reinforced Polymer Composite through Crack-Nanofiber Interaction Problem
  • Studies on the Microwave Curing and Characterization of SC-15 Epoxy Reinforced with ZnO Nanoparticles

Session T8: Sandwich Composites/Textile Composites

  • Effect of Explosions on Sandwich Structures
  • Thermostamping of Woven Commingled Glass-Polypropylene Composite Fabrics: FEA with User-Defined Subroutines in ABAQUS
  • Hybrid Finite Element Model of Woven-Fabric Composites

Session T9: Infrastructure Composites

  • Effect of Variability of Composite Properties on Wet Layup Based Rehabilitation of Concrete Structures
  • Use of Thermography as a NDE Tool for Detecting Damage in FRP Rehabilitated Concrete Structures
  • Hybrid Fiber Reinforced Polymer (FRP)—Autoclave Aerated Concrete (AAC)

Session T10: Comp Processing II

  • Intelligent Processing of Composites

Session T11: Testing Methods III

  • Effect of Thickness of Platelet on Load Transfer Efficiency in Platelet-Reinforced Composites
  • Metal Matrix Composite Compressive Stress-Strain Response: Correlation of Theoretical Predictions with Experimental Measurements
  • Follow Up of Damage Development by Full Field Optical Methods
  • In Search of the True Interlaminar Shear Strength

Session T12: Nanotechnology V

  • Processing and Creep of Carbon Nanofiber and Nanotube Reinforced Epoxy Composites
  • Thermoset Polymer Nanocomposites: The Effect of Nanoparticles on Chemorheology, Morphology and Properties
  • Effect of Nano-Reinforcement on Dynamic Mechanical Behaviors of Nylon 6/Clay Nanocomposites
  • Buckling Stability of Carbon Nanotube/Polymer Orthotropic Plates

Session T13: Manufacturing And Processing III

  • Design of Improved Electron Beam Cured Epoxy Systems
  • Mechanical Properties of Multi-Axial Warp Knitted Thermoplastic Composites
  • Toughening Vinyl Ester Matrix Composites using Electrospun Polysulfone Mats as an Interlaminar Layer
  • Tool-Part Interaction Mechanisms Causing Residual Stresses and Distortion during Cure of Polymer Matrix Composites

Session T14: Numerical Methods III

  • Numerical Estimates of the Compressive Strength of Impact-Damaged Sandwich Composites
  • Linear Modeling of Aeroelastic Twist of a High Aspect Ratio Composite Wing with Significant Taper
  • Optimum Stacking Sequences for Extension-Twist Coupled Strips under Mechanical Loading

Session T15: Novel Materials and Applications I

  • Damage Tolerance and Durability of Fiber-Metal Laminates for Aircraft Structures
  • Shape Memory Effect in Smectic-C Liquid Crystalline Elastomers

Session T16: Aging and Long-Term Durability

  • Investigation of Synergistic Hygrothermal and Sustained Strain Effects on the Durability of Pultruded E-Glass/Vinyl-Ester Composites
  • Infrared Thermography for Fatigue Damage Detection in FRP Composites
  • Reliability of Lifetime Prediction for Composite Materials under Variable Amplitude Loading
  • Probabilistic Fatigue Damage Modeling of Composite Laminates

Session T17: Nanotechnology VI

  • Processing of Graphite Nanosheet Reinforced Polymer Nanocomposites
  • Polymer/Carbon Nanotube Composites: Challenges and Opportunities
  • Magnetic Composites for Surface Applications

Session T18: Modeling II

  • Nonlinear Analysis for Bonded Patch Repair and Damage Monitoring
  • Evaluation of a Gamma Titanium Aluminide as a Potential Matrix Material for High Temperature Applications
  • Analysis of the Staggered Beam Isopescu Shear Test

Session T19: Strength Analysis

  • Three-Dimensional Stress Analysis and Weibull Statistics Based Strength Prediction in Open Hole Composite Laminates
  • Fiber Strength Modeling for Continuous Fiber Composites
  • Development of a Failure Criteria for Transversely Loaded Unidirectional Composites

Session T20: Novel Materials And Applications II

  • Structure Property Relations of Ultra-High Temperature Polymers and their Composites
  • Ribbon-Like and Plate-Like Molecules as Reinforcements for Polymer Matrices
  • Lithium-Ion Cells as Multifunctional Structure-Energy Composites

Session W1: Testing Methods III

  • Application of Luminescent Photoelastic Coating for Composite Materials
  • An Apparatus for Shear Strength and Fully-Reversed Shear Fatigue of Composites and Sandwich Materials

Session W2: Nanotechnology VII/Education

  • Structure and Properties of Aligned Carbon Nanotubes Reinforced Nanocomposite Fibrils
  • Composite Skateboard Design and Construction Experience for Freshmen Engineering Students

Session W3: Joining

  • Mechanical Behavior of Multi-Axial Warp Knitted Fabric Composites with Bolted Joint
  • Mechanical Fasteners for Thermoplastic Composite/Steel Bolted Joints Subjected to Peel Loads

Session W4: Biocomposites

  • Biodegradable Sweet Potato Starch/Polyethylene Blends and Nanocomposites
  • Fatty Acid-Based Monomers for Styrene Reduction in Liquid Molding Resins

Session W5: Nanoscale Materials

  • Atomistic Modeling for Static, Dynamic and Thermal Properties of Carbon Nanotubes
  • Graphite Nanoplatelets: A Multifunctional Reinforcement for Polymers Mechanical, Thermal and Electrical Properties
  • Nanocapsules for Self-Healing Composites
  • Carbon Nanotube Reinforced Spider Silk—A Model for the Next Generation of Super Strong and Tough Fibers

Author Index

ISBN13: 978-1-932078-44-2, 1-932078-44-4, 2004, single CD-ROM housed in plastic jewel case

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