Intelligence in a Small Materials World

Selected papers from The Fourth International Conference on Intelligent Processing and Manufacturing of Materials (IPMM-2003)

Editors: John A. Meech, Yoshiyuki Kawazoe, Vijay Kumar, and John F. Maguire

ISBN: 978-1-932078-19-0, 2005, 985 pages, 6×9, Soft cover

 

  • New strategies and hardware for guided processing & manufacturing of new materials
  • Numerical analyses, modeling, software, sensors, robotics, forming technologies
  • Manufacturing, energy, environment, instrumentation, metrology
  • Materials science, nanoscale structures and materials
  • 88 original refereed papers from researchers around the world

This new book offers important research for software and hardware developed to produce and process materials using higher-level automatic and intelligent systems. Application areas cover manufacturing, nanomaterials, environmental technologies, energy systems, and instrumentation.

The book presents new ideas for materials manufacturing applications of: fuzzy logic, neural networks, genetic algorithms, finite element and finite difference modeling, thermodynamic modeling, first-principles modeling, and data-correlation techniques such as Linear Regression and Principal Component Analysis. It also provides information on hardware, including industrial automation, robotics, optical and hyperspectral sensors, as well as conventional and new processes to solidify, form or machine metals and materials.

Selected chapter headings: Neural Networks; Process Control and Optimization; Environmental Systems; Intelligent Applications for Energy Systems; Materials Science; Intelligent Processing; Nanoscale Materials.

Preface

Chapter 1: Philosophy

  • Welcome to IPPM’03-—Nanotechnology: Do Good Things Really Come in Small Packages?
  • On the Mechanics of Morals
  • Emergence and Complex Systems: Towards New Practices for Industrial Automation

PART 1: COMPUTATIONAL INTELLIGENCE AND SOFT COMPUTING

Chapter 2: Fuzzy Systems

  • On Kernel-Based Fuzzy Cluster Loading
  • Fuzzy Evolutionary Approach to Determination of Dietary Composition for Diabetics
  • Intelligent Information Technology: From Autonomic to Autonomous Systems
  • Design of a Fuzzy Controller for a Microwave Monomode Cavity for Soot Trap Filter Regeneration
  • Optimal Operating Parameters in Fuzzy-Assisted Microwave Removal of Carbon Particulate from Ceramic Filters
  • Fuzzy Probability for Modelling Particle Preparation Processes
  • Prediction of Charpy Impact Properties Using Fuzzy Modelling on Ship Structural Steels

Chapter 3: Artificial Neural Networks

  • Artificial Intelligence in Large-Scale Simulations of Materials
  • Application of an Artificial Neural Network to the Control of an Oxygen Converter Process
  • Improving the Prediction of the Roll Separating Force in a Hot Steel Finishing Mill
  • A Solution to the N-Body Problem for Particles of Non-Spherical Geometry Using Artificial Intelligence
  • Distributed Backpropagation Neural Network System for Pattern Recognition Using JavaSpaces
  • Eccentricity and Hardness Control in Cold Rolling Mills with a Dynamically Constructed Neural Controller

Chapter 4: Process Control and Simulation for Optimization

  • Level Control Model by Numerical Fluid Dynamics Method
  • H-infinity Control of Micromolecular State Transition of a Sodium Ion Channel Gating System
  • Defeasible Deontic Traffic Light Control Based on a Paraconsistent Logic Program EVALPSN
  • Development of an Electrorheological Bypass Damper for Railway Vehicles—Estimation of Damper Capacity from the Prototype
  • A Concept for Simulation-Based Optimization of Sheet Metal Forming Processes
  • Multiple Layer Control Method

Chapter 5: Intelligence in Environmental Applications

  • Morphological and Morphometrical Characteristics of Ornamental Stone Airborne Dusts: Capture and Filtration
  • Advanced Sampling and Characterization Techniques of Nanoparticle Products Resulting from Thermal Decomposition Processes
  • Development of a Magnetically Levitated Hoisting System for Use in Underground Mines
  • Bio-Nanotechnology and Phytomining: The Living Synthesis of Gold Nanoparticles by Plants
  • Developing a Plug to Seal Mine Openings for a Thousand Years: The Millennium Plug Project

Chapter 6: Intelligence in Energy Systems

  • Multiple Sensor Surface Vibrations Analysis for Monitoring Tumbling Mill Performance
  • Fracture Toughness and Surface Energies of Covalent Materials: Theoretical Estimates and Application to Comminution
  • Usable Heat from Mine Waters: Coproduction of Energy and Minerals from “Mother Earth”
  • Al Clusters as a Tool for Hydrogen Storage
  • Theoretical Study of Clathrate Hydrates with Multiple Occupation

Chapter 7: Intelligent Instrumentation and Metrology

  • Image Mining of Evanescent Microwave Data for Nondestructive Material Inspection
  • Magnetohydrodynamic Stability in Pulse EMC
  • Ductile Machining Phenomena of Nominally Brittle Materials at the Nanoscale
  • Fractal Dimension: A New Machining Decision-Making Parameter
  • EB-Reinforcement by Formation of Atomic Scale Defects in Inorganic Glasses
  • Texture Observations of Ferromagnetic Shape Memory of Nanostructured Fe-Pd Alloy by Laser and Electronic Microscope
  • New Advanced Diffusion Simulators for Boron Ultra-Shallow Junction
  • Nano-Sensors for Gas Determination Based on Heterostructure SnO2-Si
  • Electrochemical Detection of Urea Using Self-Assembled Monolayers on a Porous Silicon Substrate

Chapter 8: Intelligence in Materials Science

  • Atomic Scale Simulations for Compositional Optimization
  • Effects of Different Initial Conditions of Liquid Metals on Solidification Microstructures
  • Combined Approach of Statistical Moment and Cluster Variation Methods for Calculation of Alloy Phase Diagrams
  • Fabrication and Mechanical Properties of TiNi/Al Smart Composites
  • Mechanochemical Doping to Prepare a Visible-Light Active Titania Photocatalyst
  • Influence of Mean Interatomic Distance on Magnetostriction of Fe-Pd Alloy Films

Chapter 9: Intelligent Materials Processing

  • Sub-Nanoscale Structure-Controlled Alloys Produced by Stabilization of Supercooled Liquid
  • A Novel Method—Hot Quasi-Isostatic Pressing to Fabricate a Metallic Cellular Material Containing Polymer using an SPS System
  • Consideration of AC-Component Force of Electromagnetic Stirring in the MHD Calculation
  • Fabrication of Ceramic Hip Joint by Bingham Semi-Solid/Fluid Isostatic Pressing Method
  • Control of Surface Layer Formed in Fe-Si-0.4mass%Mn Alloys by Annealing under Low Partial Pressure of Oxygen
  • Development of a Method to Fabricate Metallic Closed Cellular Materials Containing Organics
  • Bulk AxiSymmetric Forging of Magnesium Alloys

Chapter 10: Manufacturing Systems

  • A Knowledge Management System for Manufacturing Design
  • Promising Information Technology in the Near Future and Current Obstacles: UWB/PLC and Cyber-Security in the Broadband Age
  • 3D Interactive Input System

PART 2: NANOTECHNOLOGY

Chapter 11: Fullerene Materials Science

  • Novel Self-Assembled Material: Fullerenes Self-Intermixed with Phthalocyanines
  • Electronic Structure of Self-Localized Excitons in a One Dimensional C60 Crystal
  • A Simple Route to New 1D Nanostructures
  • Structures and Intermolecular Interactions of Cocrystallites Consisting of Metal Octaethylporphyrins with Fullerene C70
  • Ab Initio Molecular Dynamics Simulation of Foreign Atom Insertion into C60
  • Formation of Radioactive Fullerenes by Using Nuclear Recoil

Chapter 12: Nano-Machines and Biological Nanotechnology

  • Engineering with the Engines of Creation
  • Calculation of the Characteristics of a Molecular Single-Electron Transistor with Discrete Energy Spectrum
  • Electronic Transport through Benzene Molecule and DNA Base Pairs
  • Realization of “Molecular Enamel Wire” Concept for Molecular Electronics
  • Mechanical Properties of a Thermoelectric SMA Manipulator
  • Single-Electron Tunneling in Planar Molecular Nanosystems
  • Integration of Smart Materials in Si to Create Opto- and Micro-Electronic Hybrid Devices
  • High Performance Thermo-Elastic Metallic Materials by Rapid Solidification and their Applications in “Smart” Medical Systems
  • Systemic Evaluation for Replication Processing of DNA Double Strand as a Zippering Micro-Machine
  • High Resolution Detection and Coating Method for the Functionalisation of Nanometre Separated Gold Electrodes with DNA

Chapter 13: Nanotubes

  • Magnetic Properties of Doped Silicon Nanotube
  • Computer Simulation of Single Wall Carbon Nanotube Crystals
  • A Study of the Pressure Dependence of the Raman Spectrum of C60 and Single-Walled Nanotubes in Methanol-Water Mixtures

Chapter 14: Nano-Scale Surface Phenomena

  • Fundamental Studies of Large Organic Molecules on Metallic Substrates by High Resolution STM
  • Dielectrophoretic Manipulation of Surface-Bound DNA
  • Comparative Study on Interactions of Polypeptides of Bacteriorhodopsin in the Langmuir-Blodgett Film Based on Hydrogenated Amorphous Silicon Thin Film
  • Nano-Granular Co-Zr-O Magnetic Films Studied by Lorentz Microscopy and Electron Holography
  • Electrochemomechanical Deformation of Polypyrrole Film in Complex Buffer Media
  • Nano-Metallization on Surface Nano-Sized Granules of Polytetrafluoroethylene Matrix

Chapter 15: Nano-Clusters

  • Cluster Expansion Method for Chemisorption Geometries
  • All-Electron GW Calculations for Small Clusters
  • Theoretical Study of Unimolecular Rectifying Function of a Donor-Spacer-Acceptor Structure Molecule
  • Fully-Coordinated Silica Nanoclusters: Building Blocks for Novel Materials
  • Reductive Selective Deposition of Ni-Zn Nanoparticles onto TiO2 Fine Particles in the Liquid Phase

Author Index
About the Editors

ISBN: 978-1-932078-19-0, 2005, 985 pages, 6×9, Soft cover

 

USD Price: $99.50

$99.50