Construction Site Erosion and Sediment Controls, First Edition

Planning, Design, and Performance

Robert Pitt, University of Alabama
Shirley E. Clark, Penn State University, Harrisburg
Donald Lake, Erosion Control Specialist

ISBN: 978-1-932078-38-1, ©2007, 380 pages, 8.5×11, Hardcover


  • In-depth design guidance for controlling construction site run-off
  • Indispensable for meeting the EPA’s stormwater regs
  • Erosion data for all regions of US
  • Technical and engineering options for many site types and climate conditions
  • Heavily illustrated with dozens of original case studies & problems

Attention: Stormwater managers, hydrologists, watershed managers, municipal water authorities, county conservation specialists.

Here is a fully up-to-date book, by three leading experts, containing critical design tools for practical implementation of techniques to control and abate run-off and sediment from construction sites.

With many original illustrations and examples, this text provides the design principles to monitor and to implement mitigating steps that will enable you and your staff to meet regulations by taking steps that fit the development level, soil type, and rainfall amounts of your region.

The information presented here is need-to-know technology for anyone tasked with planning, implementing, or monitoring stormwater in urban, suburban and rural settings.

From the Authors’ Preface:

“Construction sites have an erosion rate of 20 to 200 tons per acre per year; a rate that is about 3 to 100 times that of croplands….The present book has been prepared as a toolbox to assist planners, watershed managers, and engineers in meeting the erosion control requirements of the EPA’s Stormwater Permit Program. Design examples are given for a variety of basic erosion and sediment controls, including diversion structures, slope mulches, stable channels, detention ponds, and filter fences. The design procedures allow alternative designs corresponding to different design periods, hydraulic failure rates, and pollutant control objectives. The material in this book is unique, in that scientific principles and engineering design have been integrated, allowing the prediction of the performance of erosion controls to be made for specific site and rain conditions.”

Book Review

“While there are significant amounts of literature that address issues of sediment and erosion controls, erosion due to construction has not been addressed often enough. In light of the rapid global development, this timely book provides construction engineers a comprehensive overview of construction site run-off problems, regulations and prevention measures. Guidance for subsequent erosion and sediment controls has also been presented from an engineering prospective to the readers. This book is a must for anyone who is involved in construction and land development and is self-conscious of the environmental impact of these activities.”

–Shen-en Chen, Ph.D., P.E.
Assistant Professor, Department of Civil Engineering
The University of North Carolina at Charlotte

Chapter 1: Introduction to Erosion and Sediment Control, Problems and Regulations

  • Problems Associated with Construction Site Erosion and Sediment Loss
  • Construction Site Erosion and Sediment Control Regulations
  • Basic Control of Construction Site Runoff
  • Example Construction Site Erosion Control and Stormwater Management Requirements
  • Need for Adequate Design and Inspection
  • Important Internet Links

Chapter 2: Selection of Controls and Site Planning

  • Introduction
  • Example Construction Site Control Requirements
  • Planning Steps and Components for Construction Site Control
  • Amounts of Construction Subject to Erosion and Sediment Control and their Costs

Chapter 3: Regional Rainfall Conditions and Site Hydrology for Construction Site
Erosion Evaluations

  • Introduction: Hydrology for the Design of Construction Erosion Controls
  • Local Rainfall Conditions Relevant to Construction Site Erosion and Sediment Control Design Methods of Determining Runoff
  • Watershed Delineation
  • Use of the SCS (NRCS) TR-55 Method for Construction Site Hydrology Evaluations
  • WinTR55
  • Summary
  • Important Internet Links

Chapter 4: Erosion Mechanisms, the Revised Universal Soil Loss Equation (RUSLE), and Vegetation Erosion Controls

  • Introduction
  • Basic Erosion Mechanisms and Rain Energy
  • The Revised Universal Soil Loss Equation (RUSLE) and Relating Rain Energy to Erosion Yield
  • RUSLE2 Information
  • Basic Predictions of Soil Losses from a Construction Site
  • Use and Selection of Vegetation at Construction Sites
  • Establishing Vegetation
  • Summary
  • Important Links

Chapter 5: Channel and Slope Stability for Construction Site Erosion Control

  • Introduction
  • General Channel Stability Shear Stress Relation
  • Design of Grass-Lined Channels
  • Drainage Design using Turf-Reinforcing Mats
  • Channel Design using Concrete and Riprap Liner Materials
  • Slope Stability Applied to Construction Site Erosion Control Design
  • Use of Newly Developed Erosion Controls

Chapter 6: Temporary Ponds and Filter Fabric Barriers for Construction Site Sediment Control

  • Introduction
  • Detention Pond Design Fundamentals
  • Example Pond Design for Construction Site Sediment Control and Comparison with Modeling Results
  • Example Detention Pond Shape Calculations
  • Example Sizing of Sediment Pond at Construction Site
  • Example Use of Chemical-Assisted Sedimentation at Construction Sites
  • Filter Fences for Construction Site Sediment Control

Chapter 7: Construction Site Erosion Control References and Internet Sources

  • Internet Sources
  • Abstracts for Selected References


ISBN: 978-1-932078-38-1, ©2007, 380 pages, 8.5×11, Hardcover


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