26th International Symposium on Ballistics, September 12-16, 2011, Miami, Florida

Edited by:
Ernest Baker, U.S. Army ARDEC
Douglas Templeton, U.S. Army Automotive Research

Volume 1: General, Explosion Mechanics, Exterior Ballistics, Interior Ballistics, Launch Dynamics
Volume 2: Terminal Ballistics & Impact Physics, Vulnerability

ISBN: 978-1-60595-052-5, Two volumes with CD-ROM bound in Vol. 2, 2011, 2,226 pages, 6×9, Hardcover

  • Warheads, missiles, tanks, vehicles, small guns, munitions, propellants
  • Impact, penetration of metals, fibers, armors, as well as personnel vulnerability
  • Two-volume book set, plus fully searchable CD-ROM

The 26th International Symposium on Ballistics books contain 231 original research papers on all phases of ballistics, including how a variety of projectiles are launched, their explosive dynamics, and their impact and penetration effects on a wide range of engineered and natural materials. A separate section is devoted to analysis of personnel vulnerability from numerous types of projectiles and explosives.

With its empirical data, physical theory and modeling techniques, the information in this book is critical for development of ballistic-based systems and technologies for resisting their impact and minimizing damage.

The papers in this text were first presented at a September, 2011 conference organized by the National Defense Industrial Association and the International Ballistics Society.

The CD-ROM displays figures and illustrations in articles in full color along with a title screen and main menu screen. Each user can link to all papers from the Table of Contents and Author Index and also link to papers and front matter by using the global bookmarks which allow navigation of the entire CD-ROM from every article. Search features on the CD-ROM can be by full text including all key words, article title, author name, and session title. The CD-ROM has Autorun feature for Windows 2000 with Service Pack 4 or higher products along with the program for Adobe Acrobat Reader with Search 9.0. One year of technical support is included with your purchase of this product.

For those that have purchased BALLISTICS 2011 2-Volume set and CD-ROM:

Click on the link below to view all articles in the BALLISTICS 2011 Supplemental Volume. This Volume consists of articles that originally did not display some high quality graphics or equations. All graphics and equations in the Supplemental Volume are shown as the contributors intended.



  • Development of Blast Enhanced Explosive for an Anti-Structure Warhead
  • Effectiveness of Explosive Reactive Armor
  • Analyzing Lubrication’s Contribution to Cartridge Case Failure
  • Measurement of Blast Reflected Overpressure at Small Charge Standoff with Tourmaline Piezoelectric Transducers
  • Modeling of Fabric Impact with High Speed Imaging and Nickel-Chromium Wires Validation
  • Reinforced Dense High-Explosive Fills for Gun Launch
  • Pressure Effects in an Enclosed Volume Due to EFP Impact
  • Numerical Analysis of the Initiation of High Explosives by Interacting Shock Waves Due to Multiple Fragment Impact
  • AMRDEC Lethality Modeling and Simulation Methodologies for Aerial Targets


  • Material Models for Tantalum—A Validation Study for EFP Application
  • IM Testing and Initiation Trials of the IMX-101 Explosive in the M795 Projectile
  • A Probe into the Applicability of Shock Similarity Laws for Underwater Explosion of Aluminiferous Explosive
  • The Effect of High Impact Environment on the Fire Set of In-Line Fuze
  • Perforator with Energetic Liner
  • Research on the Deformation Process of a Thin-Walled Metal Tube Subjected to a Pulsed Magnetic Dynamic Load
  • The Trouble with TNT Equivalence
  • Is Higher Detonation Velocity Needed for Shaped-Charges?
  • The Analogue Simulation Research about the Cloud Detonation Wave’s Propagation Process of the FAE Warhead
  • The Potential of FOX-7 in Insensitive Munition Design
  • Correction of Gurney Equation for Asymmetric Sandwich in Relation to Linear EFP
  • Effect of Set Up Parameters of Landmine Blast Over Transferred Energy to a Rigid Body: Experimental and Computational Study
  • Evaluation of Steel Reinforced Fiber Cases for Army Applications
  • Characterization of Explosively Formed Steel Fragments Using High-Speed Imaging
  • Results and Analysis from Mine Impulse Experiments Using Stereo-Digital Image Correlation
  • Detailed Investigation into the Scaling of Mine Blast Loading to Armors and Vehicles
  • An Experimental Study on an Enhanced Focused Fragmentation Warhead
  • Fragmentation of 155mm Artillery Grenade, Simulations and Experiment
  • Numerical Analysis of High-Velocity Element Formation Upon Implosion of Combined Semisphere-Cylinder Liners
  • Application of a Soil Model in the Numerical Analysis of Landmine Interaction with Protective Structures
  • Lethality Assessment of High Explosive (HE) Warhead with Preformed Fragments
  • Experimental Studies of Scalable Effects Warhead Technologies
  • Material Reformation Under Shock Wave Loading in Contact and Non-Contact Geometry
  • A Novel Technology for Switchable Modes Warheads
  • Non-Initiating Precursor Charge Technology Against ERA
  • Development of a Subsonic Anti-Structure-Penetrator
  • An Investigation of Aerosolization and Associated Phenomena Resulting from the Detonation of Explosives
  • Glass as a Shaped Charge Liner Material
  • Investigation of Acceleration Behavior of Shaped Charge Liners
  • Parallel Detonation Shock Dynamics Algorithm for Insensitive Munitions Using ALE3D
  • A Small Scale Unitary Demolition Charge
  • Axisymmetic Finite Element Simulation of Shape Charges


  • A Computational Approach to the Determination of Tank Munitions Safety Zones
  • The Effect of a Variable Crosswind on Flat-Fire Trajectories—A Unique Measuring Technique and Compensation Methodology
  • Multi-Core Computing Cluster for Monte-Carlo Analysis of GN&C Systems for Projectiles
  • Preliminary Testing of a 2-Fin Flechette
  • Numerical Investigation of Lateral Jet Interaction on a Fin-Stabilized Projectile
  • GPS-Based High Dynamic Projectile Flight Ballistic Real-Time Measurement Techniques
  • Despin and Roll Attitude Control of a 2D Guided Fuze Kit
  • In-Bore Yaw Effects on Lateral Throw off and Aerodynamic Jump Behavior for Small Caliber Projectiles Firing Sidewise from Air Vehicles
  • Recent Improvements in Ballistic Data Reduction: Data Fusion
  • Predicting the Dynamic Stability of Small-Caliber Ammunition
  • Comparison of Prediction Methods for Ricochet of a 30mm Projectile
  • An Automated Visual Scoring Algorithm for Assessing Gunfire Accuracy
  • Hypersonic Aerothermal External Flow Field Depicted from Immersed Boundary Technique
  • Effects of Aerodynamic Coefficient Uncertainties on Trajectory Simulation of a Short-Range Solid Propellant Free Rocket
  • Adjoint Analysis of Guided Projectile Terminal Phase
  • Free-Flight Motion Analysis Based on Shock-Tunnel Experiments
  • Extended Range of 155mm Projectile Using an Improvised Base Bleed Unit: Simulations and Evaluation
  • Inverse Aerodynamic Coefficients Identification of a Kinetic Energy Projectile from Flight Data
  • A Method of Self-Adaptive Container Opening Control for Rocket Assisted Cargo Mortar Projectile
  • A Study on the Aerodynamic Characteristics for a Spin-Stabilized Projectile with PGK
  • Numerical Simulation and Experimental Study of Flowfield Around a Bullet with a Partial Core
  • The Establishment of Threshold Criteria for Automated Acceptance Test Equipment Based on Battlefield Use of Tracer Ammunition


  • Modelling the Effects of Non-Gaseous Igniter Combustion Products on the Ignition of Gun Propellants
  • Modelling the Internal Ballistics of Lightweight Plastic Driving Band Projectiles
  • Quasi-Dimensional Interior Ballistic Model and Numerical Simulation of Combustion Light Gas Gun
  • Experimental and Numerical Investigations on Traveling Charge Gun Using Liquid Fuels
  • Burning Behavior of Gun Propellants under the Influence of Pressure Oscillations—Theoretical Background and Simulation
  • Study of Bulk-Loaded Liquid Propellant Combustion Propulsion Processes with Stepped-Wall Combustion Chamber
  • Improved One-Dimensional Unsteady Modelling of Thermally Choked Ram Accelerator in Sub-Detonative Velocity Regime
  • Ballistic Diagnostic Methodologies for Gun Propulsion: An Overview
  • Ram Accelerator—State of the Art
  • Research on Burning Characteristics of Microfoam Propellants
  • Primer Force and Chamber Pressure Measurements at 5.56-mm Caliber
  • Reduced Vulnerability BKNO3 Based Igniters for Gun Systems
  • The Influence of Propellant Grain Shape, Size, and Composition on Solid Phase Motion and Heat Transfer to the Gun Tube
  • Numerical Study on Properties of Interior Ballistics According to Solid Propellant Position in Chamber
  • Laboratory Stand for Scale Test of Rocket Propelled Grenades Firing
  • On Similarity of Combustion Conditions During Comparative Closed Vessel Tests
  • Asymmetrical Muzzle Wear—A Historical Perspective
  • Multidimensional Interior Ballistics Modeling with Extensions to Igniter Design and Operation
  • Modeling Explosive Cladding of Metallic Liners to Gun Tubes
  • Initial Temperature Effect on M1020 Ignition Cartridge Behavior
  • Detailed Ballistic Performance Characterization of 120-mm Mortar System with Different Flash Tube Configurations
  • Explicit Finite Element Model for Determining Influence of Cartridge Case Material Properties on Small Caliber Weapon Function
  • Simulation of Contamination Prevention for Optical Window in Laser Ignition Systems of Large-Caliber Guns
  • Research for a Projectile Positioning Structure for Stacked Projectile Weapons
  • Multi-Dimensional Two-Phase Flow Modelling Applied to Interior Ballistics
  • Benefits of Two Dimensional Internal Ballistics Modelling for Small Caliber Cased Telescoped Ammunition
  • Robust Design Optimization of 3D Tandem Grain Configuration for Dual Thrust Solid Rocket Motor
  • A Numerical Tool for Evaluating Solid Propellants Ignition Models
  • Investigation on Ignition and Combustion Process in Granular Solid Propellant Chamber
  • Internal Ballistics Simulation of a NAWC Tactical SRM
  • Analyses of Fatigue Life Estimate for a Pressure Tap in a 40mm Gun Breech
  • Deterred Propellant Optimization for Gun Systems
  • Ballistic Performance of Steels and Aluminums in FE Firing Simulations
  • Finite Element Modeling of Primer Impact to Understand the Dynamics of Misfires
  • Interior Ballistics of Co-Layered Gun Propellant


  • Stress Relaxation of Composite Gun Barrels with High Tensioned Overwrap—Modeling
  • Measurement Principle of Moment of Inertia for Turret
  • Analysis of 120mm Tank Gun Failure Due to Bore Obstruction
  • Launch Dynamics of the APAM-MP Round
  • Inclusion of Rifling and Variable Centerline in Gun Tubes for Enhanced Modeling of Launch Dynamics
  • Simulation and Instrumentation Used to Develop a Super-Caliber Fin Set for a Precision Mortar
  • 5.56mm M855 Accuracy and Jump Measurements
  • Failure Analysis of .50 Caliber M20 API-T Bullet Burst
  • Influence of Material Properties on Sabot Design
  • The Effect of Threaded Joints on the Transmission of Vibrations During Gun Launch
  • Modeling of the Dynamics of a 40 mm Gun and Ammunition System During Firing
  • Characterization of a Potting Material for Gun Launch
  • Gun Launch Dynamics of Pyrotechnic Materials
  • Gun Launch Dynamics—Benchmarking State of the Art




  • The Numerical Optimization of the Novel Kinetic Energy Penetrator for Tank Guns
  • Estimation of Yield Stress in Tungsten Rods at High Strain-Rates by Taylor’s Impact Technique
  • Ballistic Analysis of New Military Grade Magnesium Alloys for Armor Applications
  • Study on Penetration Resistance of Tubular Spaced Armor by Jet
  • Development of a Novel Ceramic Armor System: Analysis and Test
  • A Computational Constitutive Model for Glass Subjected to Large Strains, High Strain Rates and High Pressures
  • A Model of Compressible Jet Penetration
  • Sensitivity of Johnson-Cook Constitutive Model Parameters in Modeling Penetration of Rolled Homogeneous Armor Steel Targets by Tungsten Rods
  • Mass-Flux Model for Non Metallic Reactive Armor
  • Experimental and Theoretical Study of Interaction Process Between Projectiles Containing Fluoropolymer and Titanium and Aluminium-Based Targets
  • Ballistic Testing of ThyssenKrupp Steel Europe Armor Steel in Accordance with U.S. Military Armor Specifications
  • PELE at Hypervelocity
  • Effectiveness of Whipple Shields with Backplate Compared to Homogeneous Mild Steel Alone Against EFP Threats
  • Lethality Analysis Based on a Fragmentation Model for Naturally Fragmenting Shells
  • Development of Brick and Mortar Material Parameters for Numerical Simulations Using the Holmquist-Johnson-Cook Constitutive Model for Concrete
  • Theoretical Analysis on the Interface Defeat of a Conical-Nosed Long Rod Penetration
  • Research on the Process of Dual-Mode EFP Penetration into a Semi-Infinite Target
  • Deceleration Analysis on Penetration Projectile Considering Mass Loss
  • Penetration of Rigid Rods into Sand
  • Experimental and Computational Study on High Velocity Fragment Impacts
  • Numerical Study on Kinetic Energy Projectile Penetrating Multilayer Medium Target
  • Supersonic Penetration by Jet Into Concrete: Research of Shaped Charge for Creating Large Cavity Diameter
  • Time Resolved Engineering Metal Penetration Models
  • Ballistic Performance and Failure Mode of High Performance 2139-T8 and 7449-T6 Aluminium Alloys
  • Transverse Impact Response of a Linear Elastic Ballistic Fiber Yarn
  • Properties of Cross-Plied Unidirectional Aramid Fiber Laminates for a New Detailed Military Specification: MIL-DTL-32378
  • The Dynamic Response of Kevlar and Float Glass Panels to Blast Loading
  • Fiber Interfacial Surface Energetics for Controlled Adhesion
  • The Role of the Wave Impedance of the Sandwich Material in the Composite Armor Against Shaped Charge Jet
  • An Experimental Technique to Characterise the Dynamic Response of Materials, or Material Combinations, to Explosive Blast
  • The Erosion Threshold for High Velocity Geo-Penetrators
  • The Mechanisms of Damage in Ballistic Fibers
  • Ballistic Evaluation of Aluminum 7085-T7E01 and T7E02
  • Sporicidal Effects of Iodine-Oxide Thermite Reaction Products
  • 3D Flexible Hybrid Textile Structures Against High Velocity Impact
  • Experimental and Numerical Study of Aluminum 6061-T6 Fragmentation Process at Very High Strain Rates
  • Armoured Vehicle Response to the Roadside Mine Threat
  • Penetration Behaviour Simulation of Shaped Charge Jets in Water Filled Targets
  • Oblique Impact of Elongated Projectiles on Massive Targets
  • A Model for Behind Armor Debris from EFP Impact
  • High-Speed Penetration of Elongated Porous Projectiles
  • Effects of EFP Solidity in Terminal Ballistics
  • Modeling and Simulating the Performance of Transparent Spinel and the Effect of Defects on Dynamic Response
  • Penetration Resistance of Porous (Damaged) Glass in Impact Velocities Interval from 300 m/s up to 1000 m/s
  • Nondestructive Assessment and Analysis of Penetration Damage in Novel Mg Materials
  • Experimental and Theoretical Estimate of Impact Conditions Effects on Projectiles Deceleration History in Target
  • Eulerian vs. Lagrangian Methods in the Finite Element Analysis of Small Caliber Thick Plate Penetrations Events
  • Scaled Impact Experiments into Borosilicate Glass
  • Shock Impact Failure of Polycrystalline Microstructures: Modeling and Simulation
  • Rigid-Body Concrete Penetration and the Sectional Momentum Effect
  • Polymers as Potential Shaped Charge Liner Materials
  • A Comparison of Penetration Algorithms: Predictions vs. Test Data for Kinetic Energy Rods
  • Investigation of Projectile Trajectory in Multi-Hit Scenarios and the Influence of Damage Characteristics in Glass-Ceramic Transparent Armor
  • Innovative Transparent Armour Concepts
  • Detrimental Effects of Flexible Linear Shaped Charge (FLSC) to Nearby Plates Due to Varying Backspace Distance
  • Soft Recovery of Medium-Caliber Projectiles
  • Experimental Investigation on Dynamic Crack Propagating Perpendicularly Through Interface in Glass
  • Light Metal-Ceramic Passive Armour for Special Application
  • Discontinuity in the Energy Absorbed During Ballistic Impact in Aluminum Targets
  • New Generation Maraging Steel and High-Carbon Bainitic Steel for Armours
  • Numerical Investigation of Formation of Steel Linered Shaped Charge Jets
  • A Concrete Tension Failure Model Under Impact Loading
  • The Effect of Temperature on AEP 55 Vol. 2 Level 1 DM-31 Surrogate Performance
  • Improving the Design Capability for Fragment Protection
  • Experimental-Numerical Study of Inclined Impact in AI7075-T7351 Targets by 0.3 AP Projectiles
  • Influence of Impacting Explosively Formed Projectiles on Long Rod Projectiles
  • Impact Test of Organic Radical Secondary Battery
  • Experimental Investigation of the Penetration and Perforation of Building Materials by Projectiles
  • Blast Response Analysis of Reinforced Concrete Slabs: Experimental Procedure and Numerical Simulation
  • Optimum Design of Magnesium-Based Multi-Layered Hybrid Armor
  • The Effects of Surface Conditions on Dynamic Crack Propagation Through an Interface in Glass
  • Effects of Lateral Edges Toward Penetration Depths
  • Critical Impact Velocity of a Cemented Carbide Projectile Penetrating a Water Target
  • A Modified Johnson-Cook Failure Model for Tungsten Carbide
  • Interface Defeat of Long Rods Impacting Oblique Silicon Carbide
  • Fracture Mechanics of Long Rod Projectiles Subjected to Oblique Moving Plates
  • Volume Transfer Functions for Aluminium Lined Shaped Charge Penetration into Concrete
  • An Experimental and Numerical Study of Ballistic Impacts on a Turbine Casing Material at Varying Temperatures
  • Modelling Kinetic Energy Projectile Failure During Structured Armour Perforation
  • Visualization and Analysis of Impact Damage in Sapphire
  • Deflecting and Rotating Rigid Projectile Hitting Plate Edge
  • Effect of Frictions on the Ballistic Performance of a 3D Warp Interlock Fabric: Numerical Analysis
  • The Penetration Process of Jets and Long Rods in Water
  • Damage Mechanisms in Dynamically Loaded AISI 4130 Steel
  • Non-Orthogonal Kevlar® Fabric Architectures for Body Armor Applications
  • Evaluation of the Response of Friction Stir Processed Panels Under Ballistic Loading
  • Simulation of Small Ammunitions in Aviation Applications
  • Why Impacted Yarns Break at Lower Speed than Classical Theory Predicts
  • Unusual Transverse Compression Response of Non-Woven Ballistic Laminates
  • Balancing Ballistic and Back-Face Deformation in Helmets: The Role of Alternative Resins, Fibers, and Fiber Architecture in Mass-Efficient Head Protection
  • Application of a Ductile Damage Model to Ballistic Impact Analyses
  • Protection of Light Armors Against Shaped Charge Projectiles
  • Ballistic Testing of Nanocrystalline Hybrid Plates
  • Computational Hydrocode Study of Target Damage Due to Fragment-Blast Impact


  • Blast Mitigation Seats for Armored Platforms—Development and Evaluation Methodology
  • A Methodology to Predict Personnel Injury from Reflective Spall
  • Ballistic Gelatine Behaviour Under Quasi-Static and Dynamic Loadings
  • Fragment Analysis for the Joint Trauma Analysis and Prevention of Injury in Combat (JTAPIC) Program
  • Survivability Evaluation of Blast Mitigation Seats for Armored Vehicles
  • Vulnerability Model Validation for Commercial Aircraft
  • An Automated Methodology for Calculating Optimized Preset Fuze Time Delay Function in Conjunction with the AVAL
  • Analysis of Existing Injury Criteria in Order to Evaluate the Severity of Thoracic Impact Injury
  • Experimental Methodology Using Digital Image Correlation to Assess Ballistic Helmet Blunt Trauma
  • The Impact of High Accuracy Target Geometry in Modeling and Simulation to Support Live-Fire Test and Evaluation
  • A Comprehensive Approach to Characterizing the Hazards of Explosive Countermeasures with Respect to Dismounted Troops
  • MUVES 3—Vulnerability/Lethality Analysis Tool of the Future
  • Overview of MUVES 3 and the MUVES 3 V/L Service
  • Utilizing Vehicle Response Data from Under-Body Blast Tests
  • Weapon FX Vulnerability and Optimization Code for Fragmenting Warheads
  • Ballistic Vulnerability Analysis of Ground Combat Vehicles, Understanding the Process and Impact
  • Standardization of Skin Penetration Assessment for Non-Lethal Impact Projectiles
  • Impact Measurements of Different 40mm Non-Lethal Sponge Grenades
  • Numerical Simulation of Kinetic Energy Non-Lethal Projectiles on Human Thorax
  • Attenuation of a Blast Wave Through Cranial Bone
  • Rapid Assessment of the Vulnerability of a Structure to Blast Effects
  • Numerical Modeling of Rocket Warhead Detonation and Fragmentation
  • Descent Modeling in Rotorcraft Vulnerability Assessment
  • Ammunition and Weapon Effects in Confined Operational Urban Theatre in the Vicinity of Own Troops
  • Capability Improvements for Modeling Fragment Impact in ALE3D

Author Index

Volume 1: General, Explosion Mechanics, Exterior Ballistics, Interior Ballistics, Launch Dynamics
Volume 2: Terminal Ballistics & Impact Physics, Vulnerability

ISBN: 978-1-60595-052-5, Two volumes with CD-ROM bound in Vol. 2, 2011, 2,226 pages, 6×9, Hardcover

USD Price: $199.50

USD Price: $199.50


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