Wastewater Treatment Plant Operations Made Easy

A Practical Guide for Licensure

Frank R. Spellman and Joanne Drinan

ISBN:978-1-932078-09-1, ©2003, 230 Pages, 6×9, Soft cover

  • Wastewater technologies and math presented in basic, understandable terms
  • Clear, full explanations of unit processes from screening to activated sludge
  • Math review focused on wastewater plant and licensure test calculations
  • Questions and quizzes designed for exam preparation
  • Numerous drawings and solved problems illustrating key ideas

This book gives plant operators and students of wastewater a simple and math-based introduction to all major unit processes in the modern wastewater treatment plant.
Written with plant personnel in mind, the book furnishes easy-to-understand explanations of each step in treating wastewater–from screening, through sedimentation and settling, to activated sludge.

The work is designed for operators and managers to run plants and to advance their careers by passing state licensure exams. Sample questions and problems in the text have been selected to prepare for operator examinations.

Each chapter of the book is devoted to fully clarifying a unit process, and includes sample questions and problems.

The book opens with a review of math, as this is applied to wastewater calculations. Many sample problems throughout give the reader an opportunity to practice and apply math formulas in realistic wastewater situations. Step-by-step descriptions of math problems show the reader how to arrive at the correct answer.

Many practical tips and sample quizzes are furnished to help operators studying on their own and in courses.

Written in a readable, non-technical style, this text is designed to explain wastewater technologies using down-to-earth approaches comprehensible to students. At the same time, it provides complete definitions of the key technical terms a wastewater operator needs to know.

Preface

1. INTRODUCTION
1.1 Setting the Stage
1.2 Wastewater Treatment: The Process
1.3 Wastewater Treatment: The Model
1.4 Wastewater Treatment: Terminology and Definitions
1.5 The Bottom Line
1.6 Chapter 1 Self-Test

2. WASTEWATER MATH
2.1 Basic Math
2.2 Calculation Steps
2.3 Sequence of Operations
2.4 Fractions
2.5 Decimals
2.6 Rounding Numbers
2.7 Determining Significant Figures
2.8 Powers
2.9 Averages
2.10 Ratio
2.11 Percent
2.12 Units and Conversions
2.13 Table of Equivalents, Formulae and Symbols
2.14 Practical Wastewater Treatment Math Operations
2.15 Key Terms Used in this Chapter
2.16 Chapter 2 Self-Test

3. WASTEWATER SOURCES AND CHARACTERISTICS
3.1 Sources of Wastewater
3.2 Types of Wastewater
3.3 Wastewater Characteristics
3.4 Wastewater Hydraulics
3.5 Key Terms Used in this Chapter
3.6 Chapter 3 Self-Test

4. PRELIMINARY TREATMENT
4.1 The First Step
4.2 Screening
4.3 Shredding
4.4 Grit Removal
4.5 Key Terms Used in this Chapter
4.6 Chapter 4 Self-Test Questions

5. PRIMARY SEDIMENTATION
5.1 Primary Treatment
5.2 Sedimentation
5.3 Process Control Calculations
5.4 Sedimentation: Expected Performance
5.5 Key Terms Used in this Chapter
5.6 Chapter 5 Self-Test

6. SECONDARY TREATMENT PROCESSES
6.1 Secondary Treatment
6.2 Wastewater Treatment Ponds
6.3 Trickling Filters
6.4 Rotating Biological Contactor (RBC)
6.5 Key Terms Used in this Chapter
6.6 Chapter 6 Self-Test

7. ACTIVATED SLUDGE
7.1 Biological Treatment Processes
7.2 Activated Sludge Process
7.3 Activated Sludge Modifications
7.4 Activated Sludge Process Operation
7.5 Activated Sludge Process Control Calculations
7.7 Key Terms Used in this Chapter
7.8 Chapter 7 Self-Test

8. DISINFECTION
8.1 Control of Waterborne Diseases
8.2 Chlorination for Disinfection
8.3 Chlorination Chemicals
8.4 Chlorination Operation
8.5 Key Terms Used in this Chapter
8.6 Chapter 8 Self-Test

9. WASTEWATER SOLIDS PROCESSING
9.1 Wastewater Solids Treatment
9.2 Purpose of Solids Treatment
9.3 Solids Treatment Methods
9.4 Solids Thickening
9.5 Solids Stabilization
9.6 Solids Dewatering
9.7 Solids Handling Process Control Calculations
9.8 Terms Used in this Chapter
9.9 Chapter 9 Self-Test

10. SAMPLING, TESTING, AND REPORTING
10.1 Determining the Objective of Sampling
10.2 Wastewater Sampling
10.3 Wastewater Testing Methods
10.4 Reporting
10.5 Terms Used in this Chapter
10.6 Chapter 10 Self-Test

11. COMPREHENSIVE REVIEW EXAM

Appendix A: Answers to Chapter Self-Test Questions
Appendix B: Answers to Comprehensive Review Exam
Appendix C: Commonly Used Formulae in Wastewater Treatment

Index

Wastewater Treatment Plant Operations Made Easy (Entire eBook)
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Chapter 1: INTRODUCTION
$25.00
Chapter 2: WASTEWATER MATH
$25.00
Chapter 3: WASTEWATER SOURCES AND CHARACTERISTICS
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Chapter 4: PRELIMINARY TREATMENT
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Chapter 5: PRIMARY SEDIMENTATION
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Chapter 6: SECONDARY TREATMENT PROCESSES
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Chapter 7: ACTIVATED SLUDGE
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Chapter 8: DISINFECTION
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Chapter 9: WASTEWATER SOLIDS PROCESSING
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Chapter 10: SAMPLING, TESTING, AND REPORTING
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Chapter 11: COMPREHENSIVE REVIEW EXAM
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Frank Spellman, Ph.D., is currently the safety director of the Hampton Roads Sanitation District in Virginia. He regularly provides training to operators at the state and national levels, and is also responsible for extensive in-plant training. Dr. Spellman is the author of over 20 books and manuals on wastewater and has scripted numerous videos and other training aids. He has extensive experience in designing and editing test questions in the filed of wastewater and environmental technology. Prior to his career in environmental science, Dr. Spellman was a teaching technician in the United States Navy, where he developed numerous training materials and test booklets.

Joanne Drinan is a wastewater consultant specializing in laboratory technology. She has written or contributed to 11 books in the wastewater field.

ISBN:978-1-932078-09-1, ©2003, 230 Pages, 6×9, Soft cover

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